American Hazelnut (Corylus americana)
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The nuts of American hazelnut are sweet as well as nutritious and may be eaten raw or ground into flour for cake-like bread.
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American hazelnut has long been valued as an ornamental and for planting in naturalized settings. It grows in sun or partial shade and is useful for borders because of its colonial tendency. The leaves turn golden yellow to red or purple in the fall.
Although smaller than the European hazelnuts available in the supermarket, the nut is nevertheless quite tasty and attractive as is the plant itself. In general, height does not exceed 15 feet and the plant exhibits a bush or shrub-like growth habit when allowed to sucker freely.
American hazelnut are fairly easy to propagate, maintain, and harvest. An added benefit is that plants started from seed can often bear nuts early, three to four years is not uncommon.
The nuts of American hazelnut, which have a higher nutritional value than acorns and beechnuts, also are eaten by squirrels, foxes, deer, northern bobwhite, ruffed grouse, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, and deer. The leaves, twigs, and catkins are browsed by rabbits, deer, and moose. The male catkins are a winter food for turkey and ruffed grouse. The dense, low growth habit provides cover and nesting sites for many wildlife species.
American hazelnut occurs in moist to dry woods and thickets, forest margins, roadsides, and fencerows and other disturbed areas. It grows best on rich, moist, well-drained soils but often may be found close to streamsides and also grows on prairies.
MoonBranch Botanicals specializes in offering the highest quality fresh and dried botanicals, teas and live plants native to the great eastern hardwood forest of North America.
Please note: Plants native to temperate climates, especially those shipped bare-root, are generally best transplanted during the cooler months (October - March) while in or near a state of dormancy. While we make every attempt to ship as needed by our customers, please realize that there is a greater risk of transplant loss during the hot Summer months. Also realize that many species may lose their above ground portions the current season while the roots remain alive, producing new growth the following Spring.