Many people know about Martha Stewart's Araucana chickens, who laid beautiful pastel blue and green eggs. Purebred Araucanas are from Chile, South America and despite Martha’s endorsement, are quite rare in the USA. Martha’s chickens were rumpless, which means they didn’t have a tail. Other Araucanas have ear tufts, neck muffs and beards. The Araucana is a descendent of the Collonca, which also lays blue eggs and the Quetro chicken, which lays beige pink eggs and has passed on its ear tufts to its Araucana descendants. One of the reasons that the purebred Araucana is so rare, it turned out, was because the same gene that created these attractive tufts makes many chicks to die just before they hatch.
Blue or green eggs have no more or less cholesterol or protein than any other chicken egg. Nor do they have a different taste to any other egg. The color of the egg shell is irrelevant to what’s inside.
The European Araucana typical is a large fowl with a tail. The rooster can weigh six to seven pounds and the hens five to six pounds. The rooster for the bantam type of Araucana can weigh 1.6 and 1.87 pounds while the hen can weigh between 1.5 and 1.75 pounds. Araucana hens lay blue green eggs and both sexes may lack a comb, the fleshy protuberance at the top of the head, or a wattle, the fleshy dependencies beneath the beak.
In North America the typical is a rumpless chicken. This doesn't just mean that the chicken doesn’t have tail feathers, but that it doesn’t have the last bones of the spinal column that make up a real tail. This chicken has to lay blue eggs and must possess neither a beard nor a muff. Araucanas can be many shades of colors. The American Poultry Association recognizes only five: black, white, silver duckwing, black breasted red and golden duckwing.
The Ameraucana is an American breed that also lays different color shades of eggs. It is allowed to have a tail, a muff and a beard, and a flat little pea comb on its head. The American Poultry Association recognizes 8 colors: black,white, blue, brown red, blue wheaten, silver, buff and wheaten. Some chickens are a pretty lavender shade, but this is not yet recognized by the APA. The common is for the large rooster to weight 8 lbs while the hen weighs five and a half pounds. The Ameraucana is descended from Easter Egg chickens, which are simply chickens that have the gene that lets them lay blue eggs. Easter Egg chickens in turn were bred from Araucanas and other breeds of chickens.
Easter Egg Chicken
Easter Egg chickens, or Easter eggers, are chickens who can lay blue eggs, although some of their eggs can be a chalky sort of green. Like pinto or palomino Horses, they don’t specifically belong to any one breed. They're descended from the same Chilean inventory as Araucanas and Ameraucanas. Some of them have beards or muffs.
Shaded eggs can also be laid by hens who have some of the Chilean ancestry, even if they’d been sold as an entirely separate breed of chicken. But as stated, the color of the eggshell doesn't matter, except that it’s pretty.
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