Read this book! Combining natural farming and traditional agriculture with the latest in scientific research may seem like a difficult thing, but farming and gardening hasn't ever been easier. Less work, less cost, more production! This book has great lessons for the non-gardener, too: from labor management to marketing, from physics and chemistry to training draft horses and oxen, there's something on the farm for every interest.
The best book to learn about farming and gardening (or to learn a few new tricks if you're a life long farmer or gardener) is to go to the source: Jethro Tull's Horse Hoeing Husbandry, the first, and still the best, book on modern scientific agriculture, updated with modern learning and combined with the important lessons of Fukuoka. It's available on Kindle for just under $2. Just follow the link!
The book teaches you how to farm and garden better - and the science behind why.
Covering everything from labor management, soil science to harvesting and marketing, from training draft animals to training better roosters, the most basic algae to the most complex agroecology, the history of agriculture gains new relevance when updated with modern science.