Georgia’s Hints for Gardening with Peppers
Peppers are members of the Solanacae Family. They are related to Tomatoes, Potatoes, Eggplant and Belladonna. They are NOT related to black cooking pepper.
We grow numerous varieties of bells, sweet and HOT peppers, on a broad spectrum of HEAT…MILD, child-safe to some of the HOTTEST in the world. Currently, we have over seventy – five varieties. Availability varies, and new varieties are always being added. Pepper plants are actually tender perennials, and we do have some varieties available that winter over in the Greenhouse.
Peppers are a relatively easy plant to grow in the garden. Many are extremely ornamental. They look beautiful in mixed borders, and can be utilized in container gardens, even hanging baskets, and naturally, rows in the vegetable patch, or raised beds.
Height of pepper varieties can vary quite a bit, from short mounding ornamental plants that stay about a foot to 18 inches in height, through compact plants of two to three feet in height to some varieties that can be like a tall shrub, up to six feet in height. When deciding on the types of peppers that you want to harvest, take note of the growth size of the plant.
Set plants out with an appropriate amount of room for growth and ease of harvesting. Most pepper plants can be set 12 to 18 inches apart in rows 24 to 36 inches apart. Just make sure that if you choose a taller growing plant, that you allow for its size.
Most peppers are open pollinated and can cross-pollinate. This can yield interesting variations, but makes seed-saving somewhat difficult to ensure true to type peppers in ensuing seasons.
Pepper plants like a warm soil. It is better to hold them back from placing in the garden, or transplant them to a larger pot, until the soil is warm. Putting them in the garden too early can hold back growth and setting of fruit/pods/the peppers.
Peppers generally do not like the temperature to get too high, or too low. This can also hold back the setting of fruit.
Pick the peppers as soon as they reach a mature size, in order to encourage continuous setting of fruit.