This is part 4 and the last of the GLOSSARY that I had started earlier. I do hope that you enjoy this as much as I do!
For those who have shown interest in reading all 4 parts of my GLOSSARY, Thanks, very much!
GLOSSARY PART 4 J through W
JAUNDICE yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, or whites of the eyes, caused by a buildup of bilirubin ( a bile pigment) in the skin
LEECH An Anglo-Saxon word for a healer. The art of the leech is leechcraft or leechdom
LEECHBOOK An Anglo-Saxon book of medicine.
LETHARGY A feeling of tiredness, drowsiness or lack of energy.
LITER A metric unit of volume equal to 1,000 cubic centimeters or 1.05 quarts liquid measure
LITHOTRIPTIC an agent that dissolves urinary calculi (stones)
LYMPH fluid contained in lymphatic vessels, which flows through the lymphatic system to be returned to the blood.
LYMPH NODE one of many rounded structures, ranging from the size of a pinhead to a grape, that filter out bacteria and other toxic substances to stop them from entering the bloodstream and causing infection. Lyme nodes also produce lymphocytes, a type of blood cell.
MALABSORPTION Impaired absorption of nutrients most often a result of diarrhea.
MENORRHAGIA excessive loss of blood during menstrual periods.
METABOLISM the sum of all biochemical reactions in the body, including anabolism (building of complex chemicals from less complex ones) and catabolism ( breakdown of complex substances into simpler ones).
METRORRHAGIA Normal uterine bleeding at an abnormal time.
MICROGRAM A unit a weight in the metric system that's one-millionth of a gram or one one-thousandth (0.001) of a milligram
MILILITER A unit of volume in the metric system that's one one-thousandth (0.001) of a liter.
MINIM a unit of capacity in the British imperial system that's one six - hundredth (0.06) of a milliliter
MUCILAGINOUS Substance that is slimy, gooey, sticky. It has the property of moistening, soothing, and helping heal skin and mucous membranes. Soothing to all inflammation
MUSCLE RELAXANT a drug that reduces tension in the muscles, commonly used to treat muscle spasms resulting from muscle, bone, or joint injury
MUTATION an alteration in a cell's DNA caused by a disruption in cell division or by exposure to a cancer-causing substance or certain other substances.
MYELIN SHEATH a white fatty substance that surrounds nerve cells to aid in nerve impulse transmission
NARCOTIC Substance that lessens pain by causing depression of the central nervous system. Causes stupor and numbness.
NATUROPATHY An alternative system of medical practice that combines a mainstream understanding of human physiology and disease with alternative remedies, such as herbal and nutritional therapies, acupuncture, hydrotherapy and counseling. Naturopathic doctors favor natural treatments aimed at stimulating the body's own healing ability over drugs and surgery
NAUSEANT produces vomiting
NEPHRITIS inflammation of the kidney; the glomeruli, tubules and interstitial tissue may be affected.
NERVINE strengthens functional activity of nervous system; may be stimulants or sedative.
NEURALGIA pain in and originating along nerve fibers.
NSAID Non steroidal anti inflammatory drug This is a drug that reduces inflammation n and controls pain without the use of steroids. Examples are Advil, Indocin, Orudis and Naprosyn
OPHTHALMICUM a remedy for eye diseases
OXYTOCIC agent that stimulates contractions accelerating childbirth.
PARASITICIDE an agent that kills parasites and worms
PARTURIENT stimulates uterine contraction which induce and assist labor.
PECTORAL a remedy for chest affections
PERISTALSIS the alternate contraction and relaxation of the walls of a tubular structure by means of which its contents are moved onward, characteristic of the intestinal tract, ureter, etc
PHENOTHIAZINE a drug used to control psychosis or ease vomiting
PHYTOMEDICINE herbal medicine
PHARMACOPOEIA a list of drugs and formulas
POULTICE A warm, damp pack of herbs applied to a wound or sprain to draw the blood and relieve pain.
PRECURSOR starts a chain reaction which accelerates growth.
PROPHYLACTIC any agent or regimen that contributes to the prevention of infection and disease.
PROSTAGLANDIN hormone like substance that has a wide range of functions including acting as chemical messenger and causing uterine contractions.
PRURITUS itching; an inflammation of the skin that produces itching
PSYCHOACTIVE a consciousness-altering herb, often hallucinogenic or narcotic
PULMONARY EDEMA a condition in which fluid builds up in the spaces outside the lung's blood vessels.
PUNGENT penetrating or sharp to the taste
PURGATIVE Laxative Causes watery evacuation of intestinal contents
PUTREFACTION decomposition of organic matter, especially proteins, by the action of bacteria, resulting in the formation of foul smelling compounds.
PSA TEST PROTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN TEST a blood test that measures the level of protein produced by prostate gland cells. The PSA test is used to help detect prostate diseases.
REFRIGERANT an herb that cools the blood and thus reduces fever
RELAXANT relaxes nerves and muscles; relieves tension
RESOLVENT that which reduces inflammation or swelling.
RESTORATIVE an agent that is effective in the regaining of health and strength; restores normal physiological activity
RHINITIS inflammation of the sinus membranes beginning in the mucous membranes of the nose (rhino means “nose”)
RUBEFACIENT stimulates blood flow to the skin thus producing redness of the skin
SEDATIVE an herb that calms or tranquilizes specific organs or systems; cardiac, nervous, cerebral, spinal
SIALAGOGUE an agent that stimulates the secretion of saliva
SOPORIFIC inducing sleep
SIMPLE A single herb given as a remedy
STILL ROOM BOOK An eighteenth century privately kept book f herbal recipes.
STIMULANT increases internal heat, dispels internal chill and strengthens metabolism and circulation ( can produce a sense of well being)
STOMACHIC an herb that aids and strengthens the stomach function
STYPTIC a blood staunching herb ( stops hemorrhage)
SUDORIFIC produces sweat
SUFFUMIGATION An application of smoke or fumes. Incense
SYSTEMIC relating to or affecting the entire body
TAENIFUGE agent that expels tapeworms
TANNIN active plant constituents that combined with proteins; stringent . Astringent compounds in plants that protect the plant from yeasts, being eaten, and bacterial decay.
TAPEWORM any of several ribbon like worms that infest the intestines
TINCTURE A mixture of herbal extract and alcohol. Useful because of the preservative and extractive properties of alcohol on herbs.
TISANE a French word for an herb tea.
TONIC restoring, nourishing and supporting for the entire body; a substance that exerts a gentle strengthening effect on the body.
TOPICAL USE application of a drug or an herbal product to the skin and surface tissues of the body. (Ointments, solutions, dusting powders, nasal drops, rectal and vaginal suppositories, ear and eye drops )
TOXIN a poisonous substance of animal or plant origin
TRITURATION a process of rubbing herbs and spices down to a fine powder and blending them.
UNGUENT An archaic term for ointment or salves.
UREMIA toxic condition associating the renal insufficiency produced by the retention in the blood of nitrogenous substances normally excreted by the kidney.
URINARY ANTISEPTIC substance that is antiseptic to the urinary tract.
UTERINE TONIFIER substance that has a strengthening activity on the tissues of the uterus.
VAGINITIS inflammation of the vagina, from irritation or infection
VASOCONSTRICTOR an agent that narrows blood vessel openings, restricting the flow of blood through them
VASODILATOR cases relaxation of blood vessels
VERMIFUGE worm expellant
VERTIGO the sensation of spinning or dizziness
VOLATILE quickly evaporating
VULNERARY assists in healing f wounds by protecting against infection and stimulating cell growth
WORT from the Old English wyrt, meaning a root or plant. In herbalism, an herb, usually used as a combined term. e.g St John's wort, liverwort.