Medicine Woman

  (Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs
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Glossary

 

I thought I would share with you friends some of the meanings to words that we herbalists often throw around when describing some of our products . So, I've compiled a list of words in the “ A” section and their meanings. I'll continue to add more starting with “B' in the next couple of days. I hope that this list is helpful.





Glossary




ABORTIFACIENT: A substance that induces abortion, premature expulsion of the fetus


ACE INHIBITOR a drug that blocks the formation of natural body chemical, thus relaxing blood vessels and decreasing water and salt retention. It's used to lower blood pressure or manage heart failure.


ACUTE an illness that comes on quickly, has severe symptoms and a generally short duration. e.g., measles or colds. The opposite of chronic


ADAPTOGEN an agent that increases resistance to stress



ADRENALINE a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that produce the “fight or flight” response. A/k/a epinephrine.


ALTERATIVE: cleansing, stimulating, efficient removal of waste products


AMENORRHEA absence or suppression of menstruation


ANALGESIC: relieves pain


ANAPHRODISIAC subdues sexual desire


ANAPHYLAXIS a severe, life threatening allergic reaction marked by flushing, hives, itching, swelling of the lips and eyelids, throat tightening, sudden hoarseness, nausea and vomiting. It can start within seconds of exposure to an allergy causing substance and can cause death within minutes unless treated immediately.


ANDROGEN hormones that stimulate male characteristics



ANESTHETIC deadens sensation and reduces pain


ANODYNE reduces pain


ANTAGONIST opposes the action of other medicines


ANTHELMINTIC A substance that can help to destroy and expel intestinal parasites


ANTI BACTERIAL destroys or stops the growth of bacterial infections


ANTI BILIOUS reduces biliary or jaundice condition


ANTIBIOTIC kills disease causing bacteria or prevents bacteria from reproducing.



ANTI CATARRHAL eliminates mucus conditions


ANTICOAGULANT slowing or stopping the clotting of blood


ANTI DEPRESSANT prevents or relieves symptoms of mental depression



ANTIDOTE a substance used to counteract a poison



ANTI EMETIC lessons nausea and prevents or relieves vomiting.


ANTI FUNGAL destroying or preventing the growth of fungi


ANTI GALACTAGOGUE prevents or decreases secretion of milk


ANTI HEMORRHAGIC stops bleeding and hemorrhaging


ANTI HEPATOXIC prevents toxins from negatively affecting the liver


ANTI HISTAMINE a drug that blocks the action of histamine, a body chemical released by the immune system, by binding to histamine receptors in various body tissues. In the nose, it stops histamines from making the nasal blood vessels expand ( the cause of runny nose)


ANTI HYPERTENSIVE lowers the blood pressure


ANTI INFLAMMATORY reduces inflammation and associated symptoms such as pain and swelling.


ANTI LITHIC prevents or relieves stones in the urinary organs



ANTI MICROBIAL destroys or prevents the growth of micro organisms



ANTI MUTAGENIC reduces or interferes with mutagenic activity of other substances


ANTI NEOPLASTIC prevents the growth of abnormal or cancerous cells



ANTI OXIDANT a substance such as vitamin E, that works alone or in a group to destroy disease causing substances called free radicals.


ANTI PERIODIC preventing regular recurrences of a disease or symptoms.



ANTI PHLOGISTIC reduces inflammation



ANTI PYRETIC reduces fever


ANTI RHEUMATIC prevents or relieves rheumatism


ANTI SEPTIC a substance used to destroy harmful microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa) or to inhibit their growth.


ANTI SPASMODIC relieves or prevents spasms of muscles and associated tissues


ANTI SYPHILITIC cures or relieves syphilis or venereal diseases.


ANTI THROMBOTIC prevents blood clots


ANTI TOXIC neutralizes a poison form the system


ANTI TUSSIVE: reduces or relieves coughs


ANTI VIRAL opposes the action of a virus


APERIENT mild laxative without purging


APERITIVE herbs that stimulate the appetite



APHRODISIAC stimulates sexual arousal


AROMATIC A substance containing volatile oils that have a strong and stimulating scent


ASTRINGENT has constricting or binding effect ; checks hemorrhages


ATONIC without normal tension or tone


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