Medicine Woman

  (Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs
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Glossary part 4

This is part 4 and the last of the GLOSSARY that I had started earlier.  I do hope that you enjoy this as much as I do! 


For those who have shown interest in reading all 4 parts of my GLOSSARY,   Thanks, very much!






 GLOSSARY  PART 4    J  through W






JAUNDICE   yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, or whites of the eyes, caused by a buildup of bilirubin ( a bile pigment) in the skin









LEECH  An Anglo-Saxon word for a healer. The art of the leech is leechcraft or leechdom




LEECHBOOK  An Anglo-Saxon book of medicine.





LETHARGY  A feeling of tiredness, drowsiness or lack of energy.




LITER   A metric unit of volume equal to 1,000 cubic centimeters or  1.05 quarts liquid measure




LITHOTRIPTIC  an agent that dissolves urinary calculi  (stones)



LYMPH  fluid contained in lymphatic vessels, which flows through the lymphatic system to be returned to the blood.



LYMPH NODE   one of many rounded structures, ranging from the size of a pinhead to a grape, that filter out bacteria and other toxic substances to stop them from entering the bloodstream and causing infection.  Lyme nodes also produce lymphocytes, a type of blood cell.

















MALABSORPTION   Impaired absorption of nutrients most often a result of diarrhea.



MENORRHAGIA   excessive loss of blood during menstrual periods.



METABOLISM  the sum of all biochemical reactions in the body, including anabolism (building of complex chemicals from less complex ones) and catabolism ( breakdown of complex substances into simpler ones).



METRORRHAGIA   Normal uterine bleeding at an abnormal time.



MICROGRAM  A unit a weight in the metric system that's one-millionth of a gram or one   one-thousandth (0.001) of a milligram



MILILITER  A unit of volume  in the metric system that's one  one-thousandth (0.001) of a liter.



MINIM   a unit of capacity in the British imperial system that's one six - hundredth (0.06) of a milliliter



MUCILAGINOUS  Substance that is slimy, gooey, sticky.  It has the property of moistening, soothing, and helping heal skin and mucous membranes.   Soothing to all inflammation




MUSCLE RELAXANT   a drug that reduces tension in the muscles, commonly used to treat muscle spasms resulting from muscle, bone, or joint injury



MUTATION  an alteration in a cell's DNA caused by a disruption in cell division or by exposure to a cancer-causing substance or certain other substances.



MYELIN SHEATH   a white fatty substance that surrounds nerve cells to aid in nerve impulse transmission










NARCOTIC   Substance that lessens pain by causing depression of the central nervous system.  Causes stupor and numbness.



NATUROPATHY  An alternative system of medical practice that combines a mainstream understanding of human physiology and disease with alternative remedies, such as herbal and nutritional therapies, acupuncture, hydrotherapy and counseling. Naturopathic doctors favor natural treatments aimed at stimulating the body's own healing ability over drugs and surgery



NAUSEANT  produces vomiting




NEPHRITIS   inflammation of the kidney; the glomeruli, tubules and interstitial tissue may be affected.



NERVINE   strengthens functional activity of nervous system; may be stimulants or sedative.



NEURALGIA  pain in and originating along nerve fibers.



NSAID       Non steroidal  anti inflammatory drug       This is a drug that reduces inflammation n and controls pain without the use of steroids. Examples are Advil, Indocin, Orudis and Naprosyn










OPHTHALMICUM  a remedy for eye diseases



OXYTOCIC   agent that stimulates contractions accelerating childbirth.












PARASITICIDE   an agent that kills parasites and worms



PARTURIENT  stimulates uterine contraction which induce and assist labor.



PECTORAL  a remedy for chest affections



PERISTALSIS  the alternate contraction and relaxation of the walls of a tubular structure by means of which its contents are moved onward, characteristic of the intestinal tract, ureter, etc




PHENOTHIAZINE  a drug used to control psychosis or ease vomiting



PHYTOMEDICINE  herbal medicine



PHARMACOPOEIA   a list of drugs and formulas



POULTICE   A warm, damp pack of herbs applied to a wound or sprain to draw the blood and relieve pain.




PRECURSOR  starts a chain reaction which accelerates growth.



PROPHYLACTIC   any agent or regimen that contributes to the prevention of infection and disease.



PROSTAGLANDIN    hormone like substance that has a wide range of functions including acting as chemical messenger and causing uterine contractions.


PRURITUS  itching; an inflammation of the skin that produces itching



PSYCHOACTIVE   a consciousness-altering herb, often hallucinogenic or narcotic



PULMONARY EDEMA  a condition in which fluid builds up in the spaces outside the lung's blood vessels.



PUNGENT    penetrating or sharp to the taste



PURGATIVE   Laxative       Causes watery evacuation of intestinal contents



PUTREFACTION  decomposition of organic matter, especially proteins, by the action of bacteria, resulting in the formation of foul smelling compounds.




PSA  TEST   PROTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN  TEST   a blood test that measures the level of protein produced by prostate gland cells.  The PSA  test is used to help detect prostate diseases.










REFRIGERANT   an herb that cools the blood and thus reduces fever



RELAXANT   relaxes nerves and muscles; relieves tension



RESOLVENT   that which reduces inflammation or swelling.



RESTORATIVE   an agent that is effective in the regaining of health and strength; restores normal physiological activity



RHINITIS   inflammation of the sinus membranes beginning in the mucous membranes of the nose (rhino means  “nose”)



RUBEFACIENT  stimulates blood flow to the skin thus  producing redness of the skin

















SEDATIVE   an herb that calms or tranquilizes  specific organs or systems; cardiac, nervous, cerebral, spinal



SIALAGOGUE  an agent that stimulates the secretion of saliva



SOPORIFIC  inducing sleep



SIMPLE   A single herb given as a remedy



SPASMOLYTIC    antispasmodic



STILL ROOM  BOOK  An eighteenth century privately kept book f herbal recipes.



STIMULANT   increases internal heat, dispels internal chill and strengthens metabolism and circulation  ( can produce a sense of well being)



STOMACHIC   an herb that aids  and strengthens the stomach function



STYPTIC  a blood staunching herb  ( stops hemorrhage)




SUDORIFIC  produces sweat



SUFFUMIGATION  An application of smoke or fumes.        Incense



SYSTEMIC  relating to or affecting the entire body









TAENIFUGE  agent that expels tapeworms



TANNIN   active plant constituents that combined with proteins; stringent .  Astringent compounds in plants that protect the plant from yeasts, being eaten, and bacterial decay.



TAPEWORM   any of several ribbon like worms that infest the intestines




TINCTURE  A mixture of herbal extract and alcohol.  Useful  because of the preservative and extractive properties of alcohol on herbs.



TISANE  a French word for an herb tea.



TONIC   restoring, nourishing and supporting for the entire body; a substance that exerts a gentle strengthening effect on the body. 



TOPICAL USE   application of a drug or an herbal product to the skin and surface tissues of the body.  (Ointments,  solutions, dusting powders, nasal drops, rectal and vaginal suppositories, ear and eye drops )



TOXIN   a poisonous substance of animal or plant origin



TRITURATION  a process of rubbing herbs and spices down to a fine powder and blending them.










UNGUENT   An archaic term for ointment or salves.



UREMIA    toxic condition associating  the renal insufficiency produced by the retention in the blood of nitrogenous substances normally excreted by the kidney.



URINARY ANTISEPTIC  substance that is antiseptic to the urinary tract.



UTERINE TONIFIER  substance that has a strengthening activity on the tissues of the uterus.










VAGINITIS   inflammation of the vagina, from irritation or infection



VASOCONSTRICTOR   an agent that narrows blood vessel openings, restricting the flow of blood through them



VASODILATOR  cases relaxation of blood vessels



VERMIFUGE  worm expellant




VERTIGO  the sensation of spinning or dizziness



VOLATILE  quickly evaporating



VULNERARY  assists in healing f wounds by protecting against infection and stimulating cell growth








WORT   from the Old English  wyrt,  meaning a root or plant. In herbalism, an herb, usually used as a combined term.   e.g  St John's wort,   liverwort.



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