Medicine Woman

  (Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs
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GLOSSARY Part 2 B thro D

 

GLOSSARY PART 2



Here is the second series of my glossary regarding the meanings of the words used.


Starting with THE LETTER B



BACTERICIDE destroys bacteria


BARBITURATE A drug that causes sedation, a hypnotic state, or both. Barbiturates can be addictive.


BENZODIAZEPINE A drug used to treat anxiety or sleeping disorders, to relax muscles, or to control seizures.


BETA BLOCKER A drug that decreases the rate and force of heart contractions and widens blood vessels, helping to reduce blood pressure. Beta blockers typically are prescribed for people with coronary artery disease, angina ( (chest pains caused by heart problems), irregular heartbeats, or a history of heart attacks.


BILIRUBIN the breakdown product of the hemoglobin molecule of red blood cells


BINDER A substance added to a drug or herbal product to hold together the product's ingredients.


BIOFLAVONOID One of a group of naturally occurring plant compounds needed to strengthen tiny blood vessels called capillaries. Some researches believe bioflavonoids may help protect against cancer and infection.


BIOMEDICINE A system of medicine based on the principles of natural sciences.



BITTER TONIC an herb or a group of herbs that stimulates the digestive processes.



BLOOD CLEANSER an agent that cleanses the blood



BLOOD PURIFIER an agent that cleanses the blood as well as enhancing the blood by increasing the nutrient value.



BLOOD PURIFIER An herb that stimulates the digestive and excretory processes of the body to aid in the elimination of waste products.



BLOOD THINNER A drug tat prevents blood clotting ( heparin, coumadin, warfarin)



BRONCHITIS Inflammation of bronchial mucous membranes.



THE LETTER C


CALMATIVE gently clams nerves


CANDIDA yeast-like fungi


CANDIDA ALBICANS the fungus responsible for monilial infections, such as thrush, vaginitis and sometimes systemic infections


CANDIDIASIS any disease condition caused by the yeast CANDIDA ALBICANS. It is commonly found on the skin and in the mouth, vagina, and rectum. Overuse of antibiotics and anti inflammatory drugs, which interfere with the normal metabolic checks and balances of the body, has caused many people to suffer from candidiasis and allowed the once rare disease to become something of a national celebrity.


CARDIAC heart tonic or restorative


CARDIOACTIVE a substance that acts directly on the muscles of the heart


CARDIOTONIC substance that regulates or strengthens heart action and metabolism; whatever the condition of the heart, a cardiotonic brings it back to a normal range of action.


CARMINATIVE relieves intestinal gas pain and distension; promotes peristalsis



CARBUNCLE painful infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with production and discharge of pus and dead tissue, similar to a boil (faruncle) but more severe and with multiple sinus formation; usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus.



CATAPLASM another name for poultice


CATARRH inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the nose and throat, with discharge


CATHARTIC a strong laxative which causes rapid evacuation


CELL PROLIFERATOR enhances the formation of new tissue to speed the healing process


CEPHALIC remedies used in diseases of the head


CHOLAGOGUE stimulates bile flow from the gall bladder and bile ducts into the duodenum

( induces gall bladder contraction)


CHOLERETIC substance that encourages the liver to produce bile



CHRONIC designating a disease showing little change or of slow progression; opposite of acute


CIMCIFUGA to drive away bugs, neutralizes rattlesnake bites, scorpion stings


COLIC spasmodic pain effecting smooth muscle, such a the intestines, gall bladder or urinary tract


COLITIS inflammation of the colon


COLON the main part of the large intestine, which connects the small intestine with the rectum. It converts what's left of consumed food into stool by removing water and salts.


COMPOUND a substance made up or two or more ingredients


COMPRESS a soft pad usually mad of cloth, that's used to apply heat, cold, or drugs or herbs to the surface of a body area.



COUNTERIRRITANT causing irritation in one part to relieve pain in another part


CYST an abnormal lump or swelling, filled with fluid or semi solid cheesy material in any body organ or tissue


CYSTITIS inflammation of the inner lining of the bladder. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection




THE LETTER D



DEBILITY weakness of tonicity in functions or organs of the body.


DECOCTION a substance prepared by boiling


DECONGESTANT a substance that acts to break up congestion


DEHYDRATION deficient in fluids


DEMENTIA an organic mental syndrome marked by general loss of intellectual abilities, with chronic personality disintegration confusion, disorientation and stupor.


DEMULCENT soothing to mucous membranes ( lubricates and coats the stomach and intestine linings.)


DEOBSTRUENT removes obstruction


DEPURANT stimulates excretions


DEPURATIVE purifies the blood


DETERGENT cleansing to boils, ulcers, and wounds


DISCUTIENT dissolves and heals tumors


DIAPHORETIC stimulates sweating


DISINFECTANT antiseptic


DIURETIC acts to increase the flow of urine.



DIVERTICULI pathological sac like out pouchings of the wall of the colon



DOCTRINE OF SIGNATURES in herbal medicine, the primitive method of determining which plants should be used for which aliments, based on the plant's resemblance to the ailment. For example, the heart shaped leaves for heart conditions and plants with red flowers for bleeding disorders.


DRAM a unit of weigh equivalent to 1/8 ounce or 60 grains


DRASTIC a very active cathartic which produces a violent peristalsis


DUODENUM the beginning of the small intestine; lies just below the stomach.


DYSMENORRHEA painful menstruation


DYSPEPSIA poor digestion, often with heart burn and stomach acid reflux


DYSPNEA sense of difficulty in breathing, often associated with lung or heart disease.

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