Medicine Woman

  (Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs
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GLOSSASRY PART 3 E TO I

Here is part three of my glossary that I would like to share with you:

 

 





ECZEMA             chronic skin inflammation


EDEMA                     accumulation of fluid in tissues (swelling)


EMETIC                  produces vomiting


EMMENAGOGUE                induces monthly


EMOLLIENT                  softens and soothes inflamed parts

(when used internally it is called a demulcent)


ENTERITIS                 inflammation of the small intestine


ENTERVATE                      to deprive of strength, vigor; to weaken physically and mentally


EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS                  the virus that causes infectious mononucleosis and that is associated with Burkitt's lymphoma and nasopharyngeal cancer.


ESCULENT                     edible


ESTROGEN              hormone that exert female characteristics


EXANTHEMATOUS              remedy for skin eruptions and diseases


EXPECTORANT            substance that causes mucus in the lungs and bronchial passages to come out more easily, usually through coughing ( or encourages the loosening and removal of phlegm from the respiratory tract.)



                                                         F



FEBRIFUGE         reduces fevers


FISTULA                    an abnormal passage between two internal organs, or from an organ to the surface of the body


FLACCID                 not firm or stiff; limp; lacking in force or vigor


FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION            The U.S federal agency that protects the public against health hazards from food and food additives and ensure the safety and effectiveness of drugs, medical devices, and dietary supplements.


FORMULATION                  a drug product prepared according to a specific composition



FREE RADICAL               A molecule containing an odd number of electrons. Some researchers believe free radicals may play a role in cancer development by interacting with DNA and impairing normal cell function


                                                       G


CALACTOGOGUE                  agent that promotes the flow of milk

 

GALLBLADDER                the pear-shaped organ located just under the liver that acts as a bile reservoir.


GASTRITIS inflammation of the stomach lining ( intestinal tract)


GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE               Inflammation of the esophagus caused by back-flow of acid from the stomach. Its main symptom is chronic heartburn



GIARDIA                    a genus of flagellate protozoa some of which are parasitic in the intestinal tract of man and domestic animal; transmitted by ingestion of cysts in fecal contaminated water and food; interfere with the absorption of facts; boiling water inactivates them


GINGIVITIS                       inflammation of the gums


GLAUCOMA                a condition in which the pressure of the fluid in the eye is so high that it causes damage

 


GOITER                   an enlargement of the thyroid gland that causes swelling in the front of the neck


GOUT                   inflammation of joints caused by uric acid crystals lodging in them.


GRAIN                   the smallest unit of weight in the apothecary system, equivalent to 0.06 gram


GRAM                       the basic unit of weight in the metric system, equivalent to 1/1000 of a kilogram or three one hundredths (0.03) of an ounce



                                                       H



HEART ATTACK                sudden blockage of one or more of the arteries that supply blood to the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle


HEMATURIA                  blood in the urine


HEMOLYTIC                      a substance which destroys red blood cells


HEMORRHAGE                  bleeding, usually rapid and significant


HEMORRHOID                an abnormally swollen vein beneath the lining of the anal canal or near the anus that may cause itching, pain or bleeding


HEMOSTATIC                    stop bleeding

HEPATIC              herbs that support and stimulate the liver, gall bladder and spleen and increase the flow of bile.


HEPATITIS                         inflammation of the liver


HERPETIC                   a remedy for skin diseases of all types


HERNIA                the projection or out pouching of an organ or a part of an organ through the wall that normally contains it.


HISTAMINE              a chemical found in all tissues that causes tiny arteries called capillaries to widen, makes smooth muscles contract, increases the heart rate, causes blood pressure to drop, and promotes secretion of stomach acids. Histamine is formed and released during allergic reactions.


HIVES        Itchy, raised, red areas of inflamed skin caused by an allergic reaction


HOMEOSTASIS                      equilibrium of internal environment


HYDRAGOGUE                   promotes watery evacuation of the bowels


HYPERTENSIVE                    used to increase blood pressure


HYPNOTIC                   induces sleep


HYPOGLYCEMIA           abnormal concentration of sugar in the blood ( low blood sugar)


HYPOTENSIVE                     used to reduce blood pressure


 

                                                  I


IMMUNOSTIMULANT              a substance that stimulates the immune system's health and ability to respond to disease either gradually or quickly


INCONTINENCE                 the inability to control urination or defecation


INDOLENT                           sluggish; casing little or no pain


INFUSION               An extremely strong tea made with either hot or cold water and and herb


IRRITANT                  induces a local inflammation


INTERFERON                   a potent immune enhancing substance that is produced by the body's cells to fight off viral infection and cancer


 
 

GLOSSARY Part 2 B thro D

 

GLOSSARY PART 2



Here is the second series of my glossary regarding the meanings of the words used.


Starting with THE LETTER B



BACTERICIDE destroys bacteria


BARBITURATE A drug that causes sedation, a hypnotic state, or both. Barbiturates can be addictive.


BENZODIAZEPINE A drug used to treat anxiety or sleeping disorders, to relax muscles, or to control seizures.


BETA BLOCKER A drug that decreases the rate and force of heart contractions and widens blood vessels, helping to reduce blood pressure. Beta blockers typically are prescribed for people with coronary artery disease, angina ( (chest pains caused by heart problems), irregular heartbeats, or a history of heart attacks.


BILIRUBIN the breakdown product of the hemoglobin molecule of red blood cells


BINDER A substance added to a drug or herbal product to hold together the product's ingredients.


BIOFLAVONOID One of a group of naturally occurring plant compounds needed to strengthen tiny blood vessels called capillaries. Some researches believe bioflavonoids may help protect against cancer and infection.


BIOMEDICINE A system of medicine based on the principles of natural sciences.



BITTER TONIC an herb or a group of herbs that stimulates the digestive processes.



BLOOD CLEANSER an agent that cleanses the blood



BLOOD PURIFIER an agent that cleanses the blood as well as enhancing the blood by increasing the nutrient value.



BLOOD PURIFIER An herb that stimulates the digestive and excretory processes of the body to aid in the elimination of waste products.



BLOOD THINNER A drug tat prevents blood clotting ( heparin, coumadin, warfarin)



BRONCHITIS Inflammation of bronchial mucous membranes.



THE LETTER C


CALMATIVE gently clams nerves


CANDIDA yeast-like fungi


CANDIDA ALBICANS the fungus responsible for monilial infections, such as thrush, vaginitis and sometimes systemic infections


CANDIDIASIS any disease condition caused by the yeast CANDIDA ALBICANS. It is commonly found on the skin and in the mouth, vagina, and rectum. Overuse of antibiotics and anti inflammatory drugs, which interfere with the normal metabolic checks and balances of the body, has caused many people to suffer from candidiasis and allowed the once rare disease to become something of a national celebrity.


CARDIAC heart tonic or restorative


CARDIOACTIVE a substance that acts directly on the muscles of the heart


CARDIOTONIC substance that regulates or strengthens heart action and metabolism; whatever the condition of the heart, a cardiotonic brings it back to a normal range of action.


CARMINATIVE relieves intestinal gas pain and distension; promotes peristalsis



CARBUNCLE painful infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with production and discharge of pus and dead tissue, similar to a boil (faruncle) but more severe and with multiple sinus formation; usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus.



CATAPLASM another name for poultice


CATARRH inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the nose and throat, with discharge


CATHARTIC a strong laxative which causes rapid evacuation


CELL PROLIFERATOR enhances the formation of new tissue to speed the healing process


CEPHALIC remedies used in diseases of the head


CHOLAGOGUE stimulates bile flow from the gall bladder and bile ducts into the duodenum

( induces gall bladder contraction)


CHOLERETIC substance that encourages the liver to produce bile



CHRONIC designating a disease showing little change or of slow progression; opposite of acute


CIMCIFUGA to drive away bugs, neutralizes rattlesnake bites, scorpion stings


COLIC spasmodic pain effecting smooth muscle, such a the intestines, gall bladder or urinary tract


COLITIS inflammation of the colon


COLON the main part of the large intestine, which connects the small intestine with the rectum. It converts what's left of consumed food into stool by removing water and salts.


COMPOUND a substance made up or two or more ingredients


COMPRESS a soft pad usually mad of cloth, that's used to apply heat, cold, or drugs or herbs to the surface of a body area.



COUNTERIRRITANT causing irritation in one part to relieve pain in another part


CYST an abnormal lump or swelling, filled with fluid or semi solid cheesy material in any body organ or tissue


CYSTITIS inflammation of the inner lining of the bladder. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection




THE LETTER D



DEBILITY weakness of tonicity in functions or organs of the body.


DECOCTION a substance prepared by boiling


DECONGESTANT a substance that acts to break up congestion


DEHYDRATION deficient in fluids


DEMENTIA an organic mental syndrome marked by general loss of intellectual abilities, with chronic personality disintegration confusion, disorientation and stupor.


DEMULCENT soothing to mucous membranes ( lubricates and coats the stomach and intestine linings.)


DEOBSTRUENT removes obstruction


DEPURANT stimulates excretions


DEPURATIVE purifies the blood


DETERGENT cleansing to boils, ulcers, and wounds


DISCUTIENT dissolves and heals tumors


DIAPHORETIC stimulates sweating


DISINFECTANT antiseptic


DIURETIC acts to increase the flow of urine.



DIVERTICULI pathological sac like out pouchings of the wall of the colon



DOCTRINE OF SIGNATURES in herbal medicine, the primitive method of determining which plants should be used for which aliments, based on the plant's resemblance to the ailment. For example, the heart shaped leaves for heart conditions and plants with red flowers for bleeding disorders.


DRAM a unit of weigh equivalent to 1/8 ounce or 60 grains


DRASTIC a very active cathartic which produces a violent peristalsis


DUODENUM the beginning of the small intestine; lies just below the stomach.


DYSMENORRHEA painful menstruation


DYSPEPSIA poor digestion, often with heart burn and stomach acid reflux


DYSPNEA sense of difficulty in breathing, often associated with lung or heart disease.

 
 
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