Medicine Woman

  (Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs
[ Member listing ]

This is the third and last series of HERBS THAT ARE HARMFUL FOR PREGNANT WOMEN.

  The last two blogs discussed about herbs that could be harmful to either or both the unborn baby and the mother and herbs that would bring on uterine bleeding and miscarriage.  We only discussed herbs that started with A,B, and C.  This blog will consider from D 

ELECAMPANE   miscarriage 

ERGOT   uterine bleeding and miscarriage

FENNEL SEED may cause contractions

FENUGREEK SEED  uterine bleeding and miscarriage

FEVERFEW   miscarriage

GARLIC  large does may cause uterine bleeding and miscarriage

GINGER uterine bleeding, miscarriage

GOLDTHREAD miscarriage

GOTU KOLA  may cause miscarriage

GUARANA contains caffeine, which has been linked to miscarriage

HELONIAS  miscarriage

HIBISCUS miscarriage

HOREHOUND  miscarriage

HORSERADISH uterine bleeding and miscarriage

HYSSOP uterine bleeding and miscarriage

IPECAC may stimulate the uterus, increasing the chance of miscarriage

IRIS, ORRIS ROOT  uterine bleeding and miscarriage 

JABORANDI  toxic!  May cause birth defects and miscarriage

JALAP uterine bleeding

JUJUBE uterine bleeding

KHELLA,  BISHOP'S WEED   uterine stimulant and may cause miscarriage

KOUSSO  miscarriage

LAVENDER  uterine bleeding

LEMON BALM  uterine bleeding

LICORICE ROOT  can cause high blood pressure uterine bleeding

LOVAGE  uterine bleeding and miscarriage


MALAY TEA  increases the risk of miscarriage

MALE FERN, SWEET BRAKE   may causing vomiting and miscarriage

MASTERWORT  uterine bleeding and uterine contractions

MILK THISTLE uterine bleeding 

MOTHERWORT  uterine bleeding and miscarriage

MYRRH  uterine bleeding or miscarriage

NARK  uterine bleeding and miscarriage

OREGON GRAPE  uterine bleeding, miscarriage

OSHA uterine bleeding and miscarriage 

PAPAYA uterine bleeding or miscarriage

PARSLEY uterine bleeding, uterine contractions and miscarriage

PASQUE FLOWER miscarriage

PEONY uterine bleeding 

PLIURISY ROOT  uterine stimulation and miscarriage

POISON IVY miscarriage

POMEGRANATE uterine bleeding 

POPPY  miscarriage and infant death

PRICKLY ASH uterine bleeding and miscarriage

QUEEN ANNE'S LACE uterine bleeding and miscarriage

RHUBARB  miscarriage

SANDLEWOOD miscarriage

SARSAPARILLA miscarriage

SHEPHERD'S PURSE uterine bleeding or miscarriage

SPEEDWELLL miscarriage

ST JOHN'S WORT uterine bleeding and miscarriage

STINGING NETTLE LEAF  uterine bleeding, uterine contractions, and miscarriage

STROPHANTHUS may cause dangerous heart rhythm problems and uterine contractions

VERVAIN   miscarriage

WOOD SORREL uterine bleeding and miscarriage

YARROW  miscarriage

YELLOW JASMINE    this herb is a uterine stimulant that can cause miscarriage



Before I started selling here on LOCAL HARVEST nearly 4 years ago, I was selling everything at the local farmers market.  I sold  herbs from culinary to medicinal.   Much of my culinary had spices mixed in, thus the name SPICES & HERBS BY ELAYNN.  I did the farmers market solely from 1999 to 2009 and then, I started selling here on LOCAL HARVEST.  However, much of my LOCAL HARVEST business has to do with the medicinal aspect.  So, I think a business name change is in order. 


My new business name will be MEDICINE WOMAN.  It will obviously take a while for it to catch on.   But, I think that it is a more appropriate business name since I grow and sell mostly medicinal herbs.


THANKS to all of you who have ordered from me and to those of you who faithfully read my blogs!  I ALWAYS hope YOU LOVE MY HERBS!!








We often hear words such as alterative,  anti microbial , aperient, cholagogue and other strange sounding names.  But, what are they?  These are all called actions or herbal properties. They refer to the energetic pathway of how an herb affects the body.  Every herb has more than one such action. 

Here we will find out some of the actions and which herbs have these actions.  This is just   enough information to give you an idea of what these terms mean and what herbs would be in each category. Many herbs are in many different categories, thus, making them easy to work with. 

This is by no means conclusive and I probably won’t be able to list every herb in every category. 

Like I have mentioned before, herbalism is a huge field.      Also, I am mentioning herbs that have been used   and some people have found them to work.  This does not mean that I necessarily condone the use of some of these herbs.  For herbs that I really would not use myself I have an * just after the herb. 




REFRIGERANTS  are cooling herbs used as or in beverages to cool us on a hot day. They could also be used to bring down a fever.


EXAMPLES:  borage, burnet, licorice, lemon balm, raspberry leaves


SEDATIVES  are  herbs that exert a soothing or tranquilizing effect; sedatives may be general, local, nervous or vascular.  Sedatives calm the nervous system , thus reducing stress and nervousness throughout the body.  Many herbs have sedative qualities .


EXAMPLES:  black cohosh*, black haw*, catnip, chamomile flowers, cramp bark, lavender, lemon balm, lime blossom, motherwort*,red clover, rosemary,  squaw weed*, yarrow. Valerian*



SIALAGOGUE  stimulates the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands.


EXAMPLES: blue flag * cayenne, centuaury*, gentian, ginger, prickly ash, horse radish, licorice



SOPORIFIC  induces sleep


EXAMPLES:  hops, valerian*, chamomile, cramp bark ( b/c it relaxes the muscles and relieve tension; it is said to be safe to use during pregnancy  for nervous discomforts, however, I don’t suggest using this herb during pregnancy)


STIMULANTS  increases internal heat, dispels internal chills and strengthens metabolism and circulation.  Stimulants refuse to act in the presence of an excess of animal foods.  Stimulants and narcotics never act as quickly upon persons accustomed to using alcohol freely, as upon those who do not use alcohol.


EXAMPLES:  bayberry, black pepper, blood root, boneset, cayenne pepper, cinnamon, cloves, cohash root, damiana, fever few, ginger root, golden rod, horseradish, hyssop, mother wort, mustard, nutmeg, pleurisy root, pennyroyal, peppermint, prickly ash, quaking aspen, sarsaparilla root, spearmint, summer savory, vervain, white pepper, wintergreen, yarrow, yellow root.



STYPTIC   (anti hemorrhagic)  Styptics reduce or stop external bleeding by their astringency.  ( contracting a blood vessel; stopping a hemorrhage by astringent action Anti-hemorrhagic or styptic herbs can prevent and stop excessive internal bleeding in some cases. Some herbs affect female reproductive organs and regulate excessive bleeding from fibroids and menstruation. Herbs that heal an irritated gastrointestinal tract may also stop bleeding from certain diseases.


EXAMPLES:  calendula,  (helps reduce the bleeding); shepherd’s purse (one of my favorites for female hemorrhaging after child birth and for certain other uterine bleeding); yarrow; witch hazel herb ( not the stuff you purchase in the drug store); comfrey leaf ( fresh); plantain leaf ( again in fresh form) .  These are tried and true old fashioned remedies.  You may not see these in the books and on line.  I have used all of these at various times on myself and others with excellent results.  I do not suggest the taking internally of comfrey or plantain, However, both are your new best friend when outside and you cut yourself quite badly, trust me. 



SUDORIFIC induce involuntary perspiration that helps to reduce fever, cool the body, and speed the elimination of toxins from the system. These herbs are useful in fevers, colds, and detoxification formulations

EXAMPLE:  chamomile, couch grass, peppermint



THYMOLEPTIC   modifies mood in serious affective disorders such as depression


EXAMPLES: Nervine tonics.   ST John’s wort,   passion flower; damiana,    Clary sage, lemon balm, lavender , mugwort, Siberian Ginseng.






TONICS   restore, nourish and support the entire body and exerts a gentle strengthening effect on the body.  There are certain tonics for certain body systems:


    CARDIOVASCULAR/ CIRCULATORY SYSTEM:   hawthorn, garlic, horse chestnut, lime blossoms, ginseng, motherwort

    DIGESTIVE SYSTEM:  aniseed chamomile, dandelion, garlic, golden seal, mugwort

(I don’t suggest as safe but everyone else seems to : acrimony, angelica, balmony (maybe I don’t know enough about it); centaury, comfrey, condurango, cranesbill, fringetree, gentian, rue, wormwood )


MUSCLES AND SKELTON SYSTOM:  boneset, burdock root, nettles, sarsaparilla, wild yams

( I don’t suggest these as safe, but, for those who feel they know more than everyone else: agrimony, angelica, black cohosh, bogbean, comfrey)

NERVOUS SYSTEM:  lemon balm, ginseng, mugwort,, oats

(I don’t suggest these as safe, but, for those who feel they know more than everyone else: black cohosh, bugleweed, damiana, Lady’s slipper ( is best as a lovely flower left in the woods); mistletoe ( also best left hanging in the archway somewhere at Christmastime), skullcap,


RESPIRATORY SYSTEM:  eucalyptus, Echinacea, mullein, hyssop, thyme, white horehound, licorice, marshmallow leaf


SKIN:  burdock root, comfrey leaf, Echinacea, dandelion leaf and root, marigold, nettles, red clover, sarsaparilla, yellow dock


VULNERARY  assists in healing of wounds by protecting against infection and stimulating cell growth. Applications are generally most effective when fresh herb is applied.


EXAMPLES:  all heal, calendula, comfrey leaf,  horse tail grass , marshmallow , oak bark ,  plantain




URINARY ANTI SEPTIC      shepherd’s purse, uva ursi, celery, cranberry, goldenrod, pine bark*, pipsissewa *,




Tone and normalize the function of the female reproductive system.

Examples: red raspberry leaves, nettles  ( these are the safest herbs to use); cramp bark (maybe, but, not during pregnancy)





US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health


THE HERBALIST by Joseph E.. Meyer


THE  COMPLETE GUIDE TO HERBAL MEDICINE  by Charles W. Fetrow and Juan R. Avila both pharmD

THE HONEST HERBAL  by Varro E. Tyler


Chaparral herb can cause liver and kidney damage


The herb  Chaparral refers to three herb species: Larrea tridentata, Larrea divaricata and Larrea mexicana, a/k/a  creosote bush, greasewood, or hediondilla  

Scientific/medical name(s): Larrea divaricata coville, Larrea tridentata (DC) coville


The Chaparral shrub grows in the Western United States and parts of Mexico and is used traditionally by the indigenous people of these regions to treat such conditions as rheumatism, arthritis, stomach pain, cancer, tuberculosis, bowel cramps, venereal disease,  HIV, colds and bronchitis.  


Proponents claim that Chaparral can help relieve pain, reduce inflammation, aid congestion, increase urine elimination, and slow the aging process. It is also promoted as an anti-cancer agent and an antioxidant (a compound that blocks the action of free radicals, activated oxygen molecules that can damage cells). Some promoters call it a “cleanser” or detox herb. A bitter and unpleasant-tasting tea or a tincture, Chaparral is also sometimes used with other herbs in “anti-cancer tea”.


Chaparral tea was used widely in the United States from the late 1950s to the 1970s as an alternative anti-cancer agent. Experimental studies in the 1960s showed that Chaparral could cause problems with kidney and liver function.


The FDA has recommended since 1968 that Chaparral  not be swallowed or taken internally by any other route. Chaparral can be highly toxic and has been reported to cause severe and permanent liver disease that can be fatal.


The growth of interest in alternative medicine led to increased use of Chaparral in the 1980s. By the early 1990s, there had been many reports of Chaparral-linked illnesses, and the FDA issued a warning. This resulted in sellers voluntarily removing many Chaparral products from stores. Despite many concerns and warnings, Chaparral has become available again, and is advertised and sold from Internet sites, but, not mine!


Since February 2006 - Health Canada has  warned consumers not to ingest the herb Chaparral in the form of loose leaves, teas, capsules or bulk herbal products because of the risk of liver and kidney problems.


Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), the principal ingredient in Chaparral is a potent antioxidant.  At one time it was thought to be potentially useful in the treatment of cancer. However, studies were done on rats, not humans.  NDGA possesses considerable toxicity. 


Chaparral is considered a dangerous herb that can cause irreversible, life-threatening liver damage and kidney damage, including cysts in the kidney and kidney failure. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cautioned against the internal use of Chaparral  

I personally would even caution against using Chaparral as a topical, since herbs go right into the body even quicker through the skin than even ingesting.

Chaparral very toxic and can cause serious and permanent kidney and liver damage and possibly death. It can also cause:

  •  Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  •  Weight loss
  •  Fever
  •  Skin rash and itching
  • Tiredness
  • Acute inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
  •  Kidney cysts
  •  Kidney cancer

 Chaparral contains compounds that can both increase the risk of sunburn and cause skin irritation to parts of the body not exposed to the sun.

The herb has also been associated with severe hepatotoxicity, with some cases requiring liver transplantation.


Chaparral    may cause dangerous interactions and interfere with how some drugs work, especially those that may also affect your liver and kidneys.  Blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants);   diabetic drugs;    some antibiotics, and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, pain medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and others). Chaparral can also interfere with a type of antidepressant called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI).


It is important that we test each active ingredient in the plant. When you take a complete plant as a medicine, it can be a bit ‘hit or miss’ because you take hundreds of different chemicals together. Any of these could affect you, the cancer, or other medicines you are taking.


Be very cautious about purchasing from herbalists who use this herb in their formulas. It is NOT  ok to use. 


This herb  is supported by traditional use   only. There is minimal or no scientific evidence proving its effectiveness.


 You can find excellant quality and very  safe herbs, herb teas, bath herbs and salves in my store here on LOCACL HARVEST. 

Local .  Look for








Group Health


The Complete Guide to Herbal Medicines  by Charles W. Fetrow and Juan R. Avila


An Illustrated Guide  101 Medicinal Herbs by  Steven Foster


Natural Health Magazine The Complete Guide to Safe Herbs   by Chris D. Meletis   N.D.

The Complete Book of Natural AND Medicinal Cures  Prevention Magazine

The Honest Herbal  by Varro E. Tyler

Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)

BLACK COHOSH   (Cimicifuga racemosa)

 also known as black snakeroot, rattleweed, rattleroot, bugbane, bugwort, squaw root


 Do not confuse black cohosh with blue cohosh or white cohosh. These are unrelated plants. The blue and white cohosh plants do not have the same effects as black cohosh, and may not be safe.


Black Cohosh is an American herb, introduced into medical practice in America in 1828 and used briefly in Europe around 1860.  Only recently has Black Cohosh been given attention once again as an herb for menopausal symptoms.


 Black cohosh was used by Native Americans as a traditional folk remedy for women’s' health conditions, such as menstrual cramps and hot flashes, as well as  arthritis, muscle pain, sore throat, cough and indigestion. The juice of the plant was used as an insect repellent and was made into a salve and applied to snake bite.


 Black cohosh was also one of the principal ingredients in Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound.


 Today, black cohosh is used primarily as a nutritional supplement for hot flashes, mood swings, night sweats, vaginal dryness and other symptoms that can occur during menopause, as well as for menstrual cramps and bloating.


Side effects of black cohosh may include:  indigestion, headache, nausea, vomiting, and heaviness in the legs, weight gain, low blood pressure, seizures, visual disturbances and slow or irregular heartbeat. There have also been a number of cases of liver damage suspected to be associated with black cohosh.


People with a history of blood clots or stroke, seizures, liver disease and those who are taking medications for high blood pressure should not use black cohosh.   And because it may act like the hormone estrogen in the body, black cohosh could interfere with hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives.


Black cohosh may interfere with the effectiveness of the chemotherapy drug CISPLATIN. Also, combining black cohosh with the drug ESTRADIOL,(Alora, Combipatc, Estrace,, Estraderm, Fem Patch, Vivelle, ) could raise the body's estrogen level too high.


You should not use black cohosh if you have a hormone-sensitive condition, such as breast cancer, endometriosis, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, or fibroid tumors or,  if you have liver damage or drink alcohol in excessive quantities. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid black cohosh as the herb may stimulate contractions and lead to premature labor or miscarriage.


 It is suggested that you not use black cohosh for longer than 6 months


  In August 2006, Health Canada advised consumers of the possible link between black cohosh and liver damage. In June 2007, the United States Pharmacopeia proposed that black cohosh product labels contain a cautionary statement



You can find excellant quality and very  safe herbs, herb teas, bath herbs and salves in my store here  on LOCAL HARVEST ! Local .  Look for SPICES &   HERBS BY ELAYNN    



The Complete Guide to Herbal Medicine  by Charles W. Fetrow and Juan R. Avila


The Honest Herbal  by Varro E Tyler


Natural Health Magazine Complete Guide to Safe Herbs  by  Chris D. Meletis


101  Medicinal Herbs  by Steven Foster









































Herbalist should sell top quaility herbs


Did you read about Herbal-Supplement Scam: Tests Reveal Fake and Dangerous Ingredients According to YAHOO SHINE  OF NOV 4, 2013?  ”Findings of a recent study, using DNA analysis, suggest that many plant-based remedies on the market today may be made of cheap fillers, such as soy, rice, and wheat, or contain weeds or potentially harmful contaminants.”     Many of the herbal capsules that people purchased in drug stores and online are “contaminated with plant species not listed on the ingredients list, including some that were considered toxic or allergy producing, as well as other potentially hazardous substances”.  In  a 2010 study A lot of  the vitamins, etc.   tested positive for hazardous substances such as lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, and pesticides. 


Speaking of which, I used to have a booth at the farmers market next to a man about 10 years older than myself.  He told  me that he adds arsenic to his fertilizer when planting his produce.  This  man was not an uneducated person by any means.   His real job was working at a newspaper company as the lead graphic artist.     


 People love  to complain about the FDA sticking its’ nose into food and farming operations.  But if you are observant, you’ll be able to see why.  Not everyone has the same sanitation and safety codes when they grow and harvest their produce, herbs, animals, what have you.  It can be years before the FDA receives enough complaints to take action. And adverse reactions are shockingly underreported.   


According to this article, you can also look for a "USP Verified" label, which means the manufacturer has voluntarily asked the U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention, a nonprofit organization that sets industry standards for medicines, food ingredients, and dietary supplements, to test the quality of its product.


When it comes to botanicals, quality control is difficult and all the more reason to sell them in the most natural state possible.   


I’m seeing some people selling their herbs in vegi capsules and really wonder why anyone would purchase herbs this way from an herbalist.   It seems to me that there is too much handling of the herb involved. Where do these people get the vegi capsules from in the first place?  Are they making them, themselves?  Then, how do these people fill these capsules?  Are they wearing gloves? Hair nets? What about their equipment?  And  can they offer a USP Verified label?    At least for the most part, companies who make and sell the herb and vitamin supplements have to follow sanitation codes, thanks to the FDA.  However, an herbalist working out of their home, doesn’t.   This is something to really think on.   Herbalist should be way above companies that are selling their vitamins and herbs in unsanitary conditions and using fillers in their products.   People rely on us to provide the best and that’s what we should be doing.



Poisonous Plants of the United States

In  the United States there are in the neighborhood of 500 poisonous plants, flowers,  shrubs, and  herbs.  The majority of them will just create a bad rash or other reaction, or will make a person sick for a day or so.   But, there are some that are fatal.   However, in most cases, not ALL of the plant is poisonous.   In this article I will mention some plants that most people are familiar with and  will  explain what part of the plant is poisonous and the symptoms of poisoning that you should look for.






ANGEL’S TRUMPET  of the NIGHTSHADE FAMILY.  This is an ornamental shrub and has a sweet musk scent, with trumpet shaped white flowers that open at night.  Generally this plant grows outdoors in California and Florida.  THE PARTS THAT ARE POISONOUS  ARE:  leaves, juice and seeds.  Signs of poisoning :  the symptoms may appear in a few minutes after drinking a “tea” made from the plant, but not for several hours after eating the seeds, uncooked leaves or sucking the juice.  SYMPTOMS: extreme thirst, blurred vision, high fever, rapid and weak heartbeat; convulsions and coma.


BLEEDING HEART   of the FUMITORY FAMILY.  This is a perennial herb . ALL PARTS of this herb are poisonous.  SYMPTOMS:  nervous symptoms are trembling, loss of balance, staggering, weakness, difficulty in breathing and convulsions.



BUTTERCUP  of the CROWFOOT FAMILY .  This is a perennial herb and is the common buttercup found through the United States in fields, pastures and meadows.  ALL PARTS, except the seeds are poisonous.  SYMPTOMS OF POISONING: blisters or inflammation around the mouth, irritated, skin, stomach pains, vomiting, diarrhea, and jerking spasms, temporary blindness and convulsions.


CALADIUM  of the ARUM FAMILY. These are  either inside or outside  ornamentals .  There are about 12 to 14 species of this genius, and EVERY species of CALADIUM has a bitter poisonous juice .  ALL PARTS of this plant are poisonous.    SYMPTOMS : soon after eating a small amount of the leaves the mouth will burn and swell. There will be an intense burning inside the throat along with a disturbed stomach, vomiting and diarrhea. After the tongue and throat swell, breathing may become difficult. Due to the blocking of the air passage, death may occur.



DEATH CAMAS  of the LILY FAMILY  Zigadenus veneosus.   This is a perennial plant that  is grown from Canada, to Florida. You will find this plant also in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California.  ALL PARTS of this plant are poisonous.  SYMPTOMS:   symptoms occur  from 1 ½ to 8 hours after eating parts of the plant.  They consist of abdominal pains, nausea, vomiting, trembling, muscular weakness, struggling for breath, lowered body temperature, coma and death.



DUMCANE , Dieffenbachia  of THE ARUM FAMILY.   This is an evergreen foliage plant widely grown in greenhouses, homes , restaurants, and lobbies as potted ornamentals.  The LEAVES AND STEMS ARE POISONOUS.   SYMPTOMS:  Biting or chewing the stem or leaves produces intense burning and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. If these areas become swollen there will be intense pain, thus causing choking. The swelling can make the tongue motionless. Death may occur if the base of the tongue swells enough to block air passage of the throat.



ENGLISH HOLLY  of the HOLLY FAMILY  This is the familiar Christmas Holly and generally grows in Oregon and Washington state.  THE BERRIES are the poisonous part.  SYMPTOMS:   large amounts (I do not know what is considered as large amounts) causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and depression of the nervous system. The result may be fatal.


ENGLISH IVY  of the GINSENG FAMILY. This is an evergreen vine cultivated as a ground cover.  The LEAVES and BERRIES are poisonous.  SYMPTOMS:  sever  stomach pains, diarrhea, labored breathing, coma.  It is possibly fatal.



FOXGLOVE  of the FIGWORT FAMILY.  Poisonous parts are LEAVES, FLOWERS and SEEDS .  The leaves are the source of the drug digitalis. However, overdoses result in death.  Severe poisoning comes from eating the fresh or dried leaves which do not lose their toxicity by cooking.  SYMPTOMS: bloody diarrhea, severe headache, mental confusion, blurred vision, trembling, irregular heartbeat, convulsions and death.



HYDRANGEA   Hydrangea macrophylla  of the SAXIFRAGE FAMILY.   A/k/a hortensia.  commonly planted as an ornamental.  The BUDS, LEAVES and BRANCHES are poisonous.   SYMPTOMS;  diarrhea with blood, rapid breathing and heartbeat, nervous excitement, convulsions and can be fatal.


LILY OF THE VALLEY of the LILY FAMILY .   ALL PARTS ARE POISONOUS, especially the leaves, flower, berries and rootstocks.  They contain dangerous amounts of cardiac glycosides.  Even drinking the water from a vase containing a bouquet of lily of the valley  can cause death.  SYPMTOMS:  irregular heart and pulse beat, mental confusion, extreme weakness, depression and collapse of circulation and death. The reaction is much like that of digitalis.



More to follow later.


Information if from the book:  Know Your Poisonous Plants  by Wilma Roberts James





A lot of people like to make bath teas or bath herbs for themselves. Some of the recipes that I've seen however, are way too much for a single bath. It seems that people think the same way with herbs as they do with medicine. If a little works good, a lot should work even better! This is a dangerous attitude to have. Herbs are potent, just as medicine is potent. Whenever I make up a formula it is just the right amount for a certain amount of small bath teas. 

If a large (5 x 7) bath tea is just tossed into a tub full of water, the very first bath is dangerous for you to take! Look at the color of your bath water! Is it a rust, or bright green or can you see bright color at all? If you can, there are TOO MUCH herbs in your bath! And, you should not get in that tub!

A small tea bag or muslin bag (3 x 5) is all you need for one ½ to ¾ full bath tub. And that same tea bag can be used one more time! You will see a very light color in your bath water,such as; light green or light yellow, but, your bath water color shouldn't change dramatically. You also should not spend more than 20 minutes in your herbal bath. Nor, should you be using other soaps, bubble bath products or what have you. When you step out of the tub, take a rough towel and dry yourself. Do not use lotions, otherwise you have just destroyed the good of the herbs.

The only time a large tea bag can be used is if you make it in a concentrate form; using 2 gallons of water, heat the water til boiling; drop ONE large tea bag in and let it steep NO MORE THAN 5 MINUTES. Take the bag out of the water. Let the water cool and pour the water into 2 glass gallon containers. When you want to take a bath, use NOT MORE THAN 1 cup of the concentrate that you just made, in a tub full of water.

That is the correct way to use a large (5 x 7) bath tea.



Here are some herbs that go well with Game. You'll notice that certain herbs such as juniper berries, onion, garlic, thyme keeps appearing, as well as spices such as nutmeg and cinnamon.  Under EXTRA  I 've included some wines, cheeses, and other items that may be of interest that you can use together with the herbs mentioned.




DUCK:    chervil , cinnamon, coriander, cumin seeds , dill weed, fennel seeds, ginger, juniper berries, lemon zest, marjoram, paprika, rosemary, saffron, sage, tarragon, thyme, turmeric

EXTRA: sweet white wine, dry white wine, sweet sherry, brandy, cognac, oranges, raisins, yogurt

GOOSE:   aniseed, bay leaf, caraway seeds, cinnamon ,cayenne, coriander, garlic, ginger, juniper berries, lemon zest, minced meat, onion, sage, thyme

EXTRA: Madeira, dry white wine,  gin,  dry red wine, calvados, raisins, yogurt

PHEASANT:    bay leaf, cayenne, cloves, garlic, juniper berries, leeks, lemon grass, onion, black and white and green peppercorns, paprika, rosemary, sage, thyme

EXTRA: dry white wine, cognac, sweet vermouth, Glenfarclas malt whiskey, gin, oranges, dry mustard, Stilton, Roquefort

GROUSE: mushrooms, nutmeg, shallots, thyme

EXTRA: hazelnuts, muscat grapes, oranges. Madeira, muscat wine, green tea, yogurt

PARTRIDGE/ QUAIL:     bay leaf, cardamom, cinnamon, chilli peppers, cayenne pepper, coriander, cumin, garlic, garam masala, ginger, lemon zest, mint, nutmeg, onion, parsley, ground saffron, sage, thyme

EXTRA: brandy, dry white wine, sweet wine, champagne (quails), cognac

DEER:    allspice , cardamom, ground cumin, cinnamon, cayenne pepper, cloves, chilli powder, coriander leaves, dill, garlic, ginger, juniper berries, lemon, nutmeg, onion, oregano, parsley, rosemary, star anise, thyme

EXTRA: dry white wine, Madeira, dry sherry, cognac, cider, kumquats, mushrooms, yogurt, coconut

RABBIT/HARE:    bouquet garni ( parsley, bay leaf, celery leaves, marjoram, lemon zest), cinnamon, cloves, garlic, ginger, juniper berries, nutmeg , onion, parsley, rosemary, saffron, tarragon , thyme

EXTRA: dry red wine,dry white wine, dark rum, raisins, pine nuts

WILD BOAR:   cayenne pepper, coriander leaves, cloves, cinnamon , garlic, ginger, juniper berries, lemon, onion, red chillis, rosemary, tarragon

EXTRA: dry red wine, dry white wine, cognac, Marsala ,cider vinegar, quince, pecorino cheese, raisins, pine nuts




I thought that I might share with you a list of what herbs go with what type of fish. I have always found this to be helpful to know just which herbs to use with which fish. I've also included some types of wine and cheese


In another few days, I will have a list for meats, game, vegetables and fruits.










                                FISH FRESHWATER


BASS     garlic, onion, marjoram, dill, orange zest, curry powder, cayenne pepper, oregano, thyme, sweet Hungarian paprika, lemon zest, ground cumin, chili powder,

 EXTRA: Madeira, dry sherry or sake,



CATFISH       oregano, thyme, cayenne pepper, onion, jalapeno pepper, cilantro, curry powder, sweet paprika, white pepper, oregano, bay leaf

 EXTRA: Monterrey Jack cheese, rice wine vinegar



PANFISH (YELLOW PERCH, BLUEGILL, CRAPPIE, BULLHEAD, ROCK BASS, PUMPKINSEED) onion, garlic, ground cumin, chili powder, oregano, red pepper flakes, jalapeno, thyme, ground coriander, sweet paprika

 EXTRA: cheddar cheese



PERCH          garlic, basil, dill, tarragon, ground cumin

 EXTRA: extra dry vermouth, rice wine vinegar, grated Parmesan cheese



PICKEREL       onion, garlic, fresh cilantro, coriander, cayenne pepper, ground ginger, lemon

 EXTRA: Parmesan cheese, Monterrey Jack cheese



PIKE       marjoram, onion (including red onion),garlic, curry powder, lemon/orange peel/zest,  parsley, basil, cumin seeds, cardamom, turmeric, cayenne pepper, cilantro, fresh mint  thyme, oregano, chives

EXTRA: grated Parmesan cheese, red wine vinegar, extra dry vermouth




SALMON ( all Pacific salmon are born in fresh water, run to the sea and then return to their birth streams to spawn)     dill weed, fennel seed ( ground), onion, lemon zest, curry powder, tarragon, ground cumin and cumin seeds, chili powder, parsley, basil, bay leaves, garlic, whole peppercorns, ground coriander, red onion, ground turmeric, thyme

 EXTRA: Japanese rice wine, dry white wine, Madeira wine



TROUT      onion, red pepper, thyme, garlic, lemon zest, oregano, bay leaves, cayenne pepper, ground turmeric, cilantro, ground cumin, summer savory, pink peppercorns, curry powder, orange zest, shallots, Sweet Hungarian paprika

EXTRA: dry white wine or extra dry vermouth, apple cider vinegar




WALLEYE     onion, orange zest, lime, red pepper flakes, garlic, thyme, oregano, cayenne pepper, curry powder, lemon, basil, parsley, tarragon, rosemary, sage, coriander, cilantro, Vidalia onion, tangerine

 EXTRA: grated provolone cheese, yogurt, anisette, Parmesan cheese, extra dry vermouth or dry white wine


WHITE BASS       onion, lime, garlic, basil, marjoram

 EXTRA: yogurt, sour cream, horseradish, good with shrimp, red wine vinegar









BLUEFISH leeks , chives, garlic, parsley, tarragon, lemon

EXTRA: WINE: Muscadet or California Sauvignon Blanc, Parmesan cheese



CATFISH lemon zest, garlic, ginger root, garam masala, turmeric, cayenne, fennel, thyme, basil, oregano, parsley, chives

EXTRA yogurt


EEL parsley, shallot, thyme, sorrel, chervil, tarragon, mint, sage, lemon zest

EXTRA: dry white wine



FLOUNDER shallots, lemon zest, parsley, garlic, ginger root, cumin, coriander, cayenne

EXTRA: yogurt


GROUPER: onion, garlic, ginger root, garam masala, turmeric, cayenne, red pepper, basil

EXTRA: balsamic vinegar, yogurt


HADDOCK onion, garlic, oregano, thyme, lemon zest, garlic, ginger root , garam masala, turmeric, cayenne

EXTRA yogurt



 MACKEREL onion, garlic, parsley, basil, oregano, thyme, paprika, lemon zest

EXTRA: dry white wine


MUSSELS: red onion, cilantro, jalapeno, lime, garlic, ground coriander, parsley, oregano

EXTRA: dry sherry, grated Parmesan


OCTOPUS onion, bay leaf, parsley, peppercorns, garlic, paprika, thyme

EXTRA; dry white wine


SEA BASS onion, garlic, jalapeno, cilantro, parsley, thyme, lemon zest, ginger root

EXTRA: dry white wine



SHRIMP ginger root, curry powder, celery seed, basil, oregano, thyme, garlic, cayenne and red pepper flakes, parsley, lemon zest, dill

EXTRA: white wine vinegar, dry sherry, feta cheese, yogurt



SKATE onion, garlic, oregano, thyme, cayenne, parsley

EXTRA dry white wine



SQUID onion, garlic, parsley, basil, oregano

EXTRA: dry white wine, Parmesan


Tilapia     onion, garlic, fennel leaves and bulb, lemon zest, parsley, ginger-root, garam masala, turmeric, basil, cayenne

EXTRA: yogurt, dry white wine









FISH BROTHS thyme, parsley, whole cloves, black peppercorns

EXTRA: dry white wine



GUMBOS: onion, garlic, jalapeno, bay leaf, fish broth, thyme, cilantro, parsley



SOUPS & CHOWDERS: basil, thyme, oregano, parsley, garlic, onion, jalapeno, curry powder, cumin

EXTRA: dry sherry, dry white wine , balsamic vinegar





GARLIC either by itself or in seasonings such as mine, helps lower cholesterol and helps prevent blood clots. Seasonings that have garlic help kill off organisms, including bacteria and viruses that cause earaches, flu and colds. Garlic can also prevent cancer.

THE MINTS are a stomach tonic that promote digestion, calm stomach muscle spasms, relieve flatulence, fights bacteria and viruses. Mint even helps reduce headache pain and boost mental alertness.

OREGANO can help unknot muscles in the digestive tract and also can lower blood pressure.

ROSEMARY is just loaded with antioxidants! Rosemary can ease asthma and other allergy symptoms.

SAGE helps fight infections, and helps alleviate symptoms of menopause, night sweats and hot flashes.

TURMERIC has anti inflammatory effects and is beneficial in relieving rheumatoid arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome. Turmeric helps to lower cholesterol and helps prevent cataracts.

So, don't be afraid of trying herbal seasonings when preparing your food! Enjoy not only a unique flavor but also added health benefits!



GARLIC either by itself or in seasonings such as mine, helps lower cholesterol and helps prevent blood clots. Seasonings that have garlic help kill off organisms, including bacteria and viruses that cause earaches, flu and colds. Garlic can also prevent cancer.

THE MINTS are a stomach tonic that promote digestion, calm stomach muscle spasms, relieve flatulence, fights bacteria and viruses. Mint even helps reduce headache pain and boost mental alertness.

OREGANO can help unknot muscles in the digestive tract and also can lower blood pressure.

ROSEMARY is just loaded with antioxidants! Rosemary can ease asthma and other allergy symptoms.

SAGE helps fight infections, and helps alleviate symptoms of menopause, night sweats and hot flashes.

TURMERIC has anti inflammatory effects and is beneficial in relieving rheumatoid arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome. Turmeric helps to lower cholesterol and helps prevent cataracts.

So, don't be afraid of trying herbal seasonings when preparing your food! Enjoy not only a unique flavor but also added health benefits!

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