Medicine Woman

  (Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs
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More Herbs and Food Combinations part two

 

A while back, I did a blog on spices and what they go well with. This time I will just use the herb and what foods it will enhance. Look through my blogs and you will also see how to make up your own spice blends, such as PUMPKIN PIE SPICE BLEND, SPICED NUTS, SPICY APPLE PIE BLEND, and more. You will find in another blog what spices will enhance what foods.


For those of you that are artistic, this would make a beautiful gift for someone who likes to cook and bake, or is new at cooking and baking. I had a friend who copied something like this by hand in calligraphy, on a long sheet of paper, dyed the paper some pretty color and made colored scroll work all around the edges, and made a small frame all around and made it so that it could be hung on the wall. She also said a few words of friendship and put her name on the bottom and DATED it. It was a very personalized gift. See what you can do!!     (email me for  PDF file and I will gladly send it to you!)


ANISE use in: sweet cream cheese appetizers, soups, fruit salads, applesauce, teas, fruit drinks, carrots, celery, coleslaw, sole, crab, spicy meat mixtures, cakes, cookies, sweet rolls, rye breads



BASIL use in: dips, canapes, all kinds of soups and stews, green salads, especially good on tomatoes, omelets, scrambled eggs, green beans, broccoli, cucumbers, egg plant, peas, spinach, zucchini, shrimp, fish, creole dishes, beef, pork, veal, lamb, all kinds of poultry and stuffing, wine vinegar



BAY use in: bouquet garni, fish chowders, tomato juice and stocks, with poached fish; in hearty fish dishes; and with roast chicken, beef roasts, and beef stew.



BORAGE use in; mild dips, all kinds of soups and stews, green salads, coleslaw, iced drinks, spinach, beets, shellfish, all kinds of meat and poultry and stuffing, cream sauces



BURNET use in: appetizer dips, canapes, cream soups, green salads, potato salad, iced drinks, asparagus, mushrooms, shellfish, tarter sauce, wine vinegar



CARAWAY use in: appetizer spreads and dips, canapes, potato soup, cabbage soups, goulash, coleslaw, potato salad, cream cheese, cottage cheese, cabbage, potatoes, green beans, carrots, red beets, cauliflower, casseroles, German dishes,meatballs, applesauce, cookies, breads,especially rye, apple pie, cakes



CELERY SEED use in: soups, stews, salads, curry dishes, poultry stuffing, fish and meat dishes, eggs, breads, vegetables



CHERVIL use in: potato, spinach and cream soups, in egg and chicken salads, salad dressings and mayonnaise, with fish, shellfish and chicken; in fish sauces and cheese spreads, with lettuce, potatoes, red beets and tomatoes and in a fines herbes combination




CHIVES use in: all kinds of appetizers, all kinds of soups, stews, all kinds of salads, omelets, cheese dishes, deviled eggs, potatoes,carrots, corn, green beans, mushrooms, peas, red beets, summer squash, tomatoes, all kinds of other vegetables, shellfish, broiled fish, all kinds of meat and poultry, tartar sauce, butter sauces,cheese sauces, wine vinegar




CORIANDER use the seeds in curries and pickling spice mixtures; with lentils, lima beans, peas, potato dumplings, in biscuits, breads, lamb dishes; carrot cake and pies.


Use the leaves in: Mexican, Chinese, Indian and Moroccan dishes, in meat, rice and lentil dishes; with corn, zucchini , chicken, and in salads.



CUMIN use in; Mexican, oriental, and Indian and middle eastern dishes, in curries, stews, chili, spicy meat and vegetable dishes; with green beans,cabbage, in deviled eggs; breads and with cheese



DILL use the leaves in:all kinds of appetizers, potato soups,salads and salmon; potato salad, rice dishes and borscht; green salads, coleslaw, cottage cheese, green beans, carrots, cucumbers and potatoes. omelets, cauliflower, tomatoes, halibut, salmon, lamb, ham, cream chicken, tartar sauce, butter sauces, wine vinegar, rye bread


use the seeds in: salad dressings, fish soups, meat dishes, lamb stew,, and egg and potato dishes, cabbage and in breads.



FENNEL use the seeds and leaves with fish; in spicy meat mixtures; with eggs, cabbage, red beets, squash and apples; in stuffings and breads


use Florence fennel as a vegetable; serve raw like celery, braise, bake au gratin or turn into a cream soup.



GARLIC Use with everything except sweets. Use for soups, salads, fish, poultry, meat and egg dishes; in stews, sauces an mayonnaise, in breads and with any vegetables; to make oil and vinegar dressings.



GINGER use fresh ginger in oriental and Indian dishes, with fish, chicken, meats and vegetables


use dried ginger with pot roasts, poultry, carrots, red beets, squash and sweet potatoes; in breads, cakes, cookies, puddings, fruit salads and stewed fruit mixtures.




HORSERADISH use in cocktail and mustard sauces; in sauces for fish, roast beef and in green vegetables; in salad dressings; with boiled meats; in sandwiches and with red beets


LOVAGE Use the leaves and stalks sparingly as a celery substitute in soups, salads, potato salad, stews and stuffings; braise the stalks as a vegetable.

use the seeds in chicken salad, meat loaf, breads and herb butters.





MARJORAM use in: cream cheese dips and appetizers, all kinds of soups and stews, green salads, chicken salad, vegetable cocktails, omelets, scrambled eggs, carrots, spinach, squash,eggplant, cabbage, lima beans, mushrooms, peas, and tomatoes; baked or broiled fish, fish recipes and fish chowders, all kinds of meat, chicken, duck goose, gravies, fish sauces, biscuits, muffins




MINTS use in: green pea soups, split pea soups, fruit salads, teas, iced drinks, , green beans, new peas, baked or broiled fish, lamb, veal, mint sauces, mint jellies, wine vinegar, mint syrups, sherbets




ONION use for all dishes except sweets. Use in soups, stews, salad, egg dishes, fish, poultry, meat and all vegetables, some breads.



OREGANO use in: appetizers spreads, canapes, onion soup, all stews, seafood salads, aspics, omelets, spicy cheese, onions, peas, baked beans, shellfish, all kinds of meats, game, hare, venison, cream sauces, tomato sauces, meat-pie crusts, breads



PARSLEY use in: all kinds of appetizers, all kinds of soups and stews, all kinds of salads, vegetable cocktails, omelets, cheeses, all kinds of vegetables, all kinds of fish and seafood, all kinds of meat, stuffing, tartar sauce, butter sauces, breads, rolls



ROSEMARY use in : cheese appetizers and dips, all kinds of soups ( chicken soup, pea soup) and stews, chicken salads, seafood salads, vegetable juices, omelets, sharp cheese, potatoes, mushrooms, salmon, haddock, cod, all kinds of meats and poultry, wild game, stuffing, gravies, breads, rolls, biscuits



SAGE use in : cheese dips appetizers, cream soups, chowders, sharp cheese, cottage cheese, eggplant, Lima beans, baked or broiled fish, meat loaf, roasts, chicken, turkey, game, stuffing, brown sauce, muffins, breads



SAVORY use in : cheese dips and appetizers, bean soups, chowders, aspics, green salads, vegetable cocktails, deviled eggs, omelets, green beans, sauerkraut, salt water fish, all kinds of meat, chicken, duck,, turkey, fish sauces, cream sauce, meat-pie crusts



TARRAGON use in: all kinds of appetizers, chicken soup, mushroom soup, all kinds of salads, vegetable cocktails, omelets, cream cheese, asparagus, all fish, steaks, chicken, duck turkey, cream sauce, Hollandaise



THYME use in : shrimp dips, vegetable soup and stews, all other types of stews, tomato aspic, lemon tea, cottage cheese, cream cheese, beans, onions, potatoes, all kinds of fish, roasts, meat loaf, ham, stuffing, turkey, all tomato sauces, breads, rolls.



TURMERIC use as a cheap saffron substitute for its bright yellow color. Good in curries, salads, dressings and mustard; with seafood, fish, poultry and meat; in rice dishes; and with eggs



WATERCRESS use liberally in salads, chicken salad, bean salad, potato salad, and coleslaw; in tomato juice, soups and egg dishes; with cottage cheese; and in herb butters.

 
 

LET'S USE SPICES!!

 



Here's a handy list in alphabetical order; of spices and what to use them in. Incidentally; always keep your spices as cool (but not refrigerated) as possible.


ALLSPICE WHOLE allspice is used in Caribbean soups;as well as other types of soups; stews; pot roasts; sauerbraten; marinades; and in pouching, boiling or steaming fish or shellfish; savory sauces; pickled beets; pickles; preserves; stewed fruit; beverages


GROUND ALLSPICE is used in sweet breads; chutneys; curries; spice cakes; puddings; plum pudding; mincemeat; fruit desserts; fruit pies; cookies; candy; frosting; meat loaf; pot roast; chili sauce; ketchup; tomato sauce; spaghetti sauce; barbecue sauce; French dressing; soups; pickled eggs; sweet potatoes and squash.


SUGGESTIONS:

GROUND;

1/8 to ¼ teaspoons in 2 cups sweet potatoes.

1 teaspoon in 1 ½ to 2 cups graham cracker crumbs for pie crust.

½ teaspoon to 1 inch thick slice ham

1/8 teaspoon to 1 pound ground beef


WHOLE:

3 for every 3 cups of pea soup

4 to 6 for each 2 pounds of fish when poaching





ANISE SEEDS For culinary purposes anise seed has wide ranging applications. It is popular in many European confections. The French like it with carrots. Anise is frequently used in Scandinavian breads; East Indian curries; and Hispanic stews. The seed enhances cooked fruit dishes; eggs and cheese; spinach and many baked goods. Cinnamon and bay leaves complement the taste of anise.


For the best flavor buy whole seeds and crush them just before using. If you don't have a spice grinder this can be accomplished with a mortar and pestle, or you might break them with a rolling pin.


Anise whole or crushed may be used in cakes; cookies; candy; applesauce; fruit pies;

fruit salads; stewed fruits; salad dressings; appetizers; baked apples; sweet breads; as well as rye breads; biscuits and confectionery; pickles; sausage; cheese; beef stew; seafood; chowders; and beverages.


Anise is used in much the same way as fennel to flavor fish; poultry; soups and root vegetable dishes. Numerous alcoholic drinks and cordials are flavored with aniseed; particularly French pastis; Pernod and Ricard; Greek ouzo; Spanish ojen; Turkish raki; Italian anesone; Arab arrak and Egyptian kibib.






SUGGESTIONS:

½ to 1 teaspoons ; crushed in baked or stewed applesauce

1/4 to ½ teaspoons ; crushed; in 2 tablespoons butter for basting one pound of fish

¼ to ½ teaspoon in 8 oz package of cream cheese for spread for canapes




CARDAMOM SEEDS can be bought ground or in the pod; to use; break the pods to free the seeds; then crush the seeds.


Cardamom is a principal spice in Danish pastry. Also use in coffee cakes; sweet breads; flat breads; fruit salad dressings; fruit salads; fruit pies; fruit soups; curry powder; curry dishes; cookies; cakes; gingerbread; pickles; pickling spice; custards; puddings; rice pudding ; sweet potatoes; squash; baked beans; barbecue sauce; honey chutneys; grape jelly; hot spiced wines and punch.


SUGGETIONS:

GROUND:

¼ teaspoon in blueberry muffin mix

1/8 teaspoon to 4 cups crushed strawberry, peaches or raspberries

1/8 teaspoon to egg whites for meringue

1/8 teaspoon to 2 cups baked beans


WHOLE

2 to 4 cardamoms to a 4 pound roast for sauerbraten

2 to 3 cardamoms in 1 quart of mulled wine

4 to 6 cardamoms in 6 cups Glogg

6 to 8 cardamoms in 2 gallons of fruit punch



CINNAMON Whole cinnamon is used in fruit compotes; stewed prunes; apricots and other dried fruits; apple dishes; hot chocolate; mulled wine and as stirrers for beverages.


Ground cinnamon is used in preparing cinnamon toast; sweet breads; plum pudding; cakes; muffins; fruit cake; spice cake; apple pie; apple dumplings; apple sauce; apple butter; baked apples; fruit salads; puddings; custards; ice cream; doughnuts; cinnamon rolls; jams; preserves; spiced nuts; chocolate fudge; sweet potatoes; squash; pumpkin soups and pies; winter squash dishes; meat soups; poultry rub; pilafs; curries; ham glaze; ham; pork; lamb roast; lamb or beef stews; creamed chicken; fruit punches; Sprinkle over cakes; cookies; hot cereals; eggnog; milk shakes; custards; broiled grapefruit bread and tapioca puddings.











CLOVES

Whole cloves are used to stud ham; fruit; fruit peels; onions or glazed pork or beef. Also used in Pot roast; marinades; pickling; soups; spiced tongue and to make pomander balls


Ground cloves is used in sweet breads; muffins; spice cakes; fruit cakes; gingerbread; frosting; plum pudding cookies; breads; fruit salads; cooked fruit; spiced nuts; meringues; mincemeat; fruit pies; pickling; ketchup; chili sauce; beef stew; pot roast; Indian curries and chutneys; rice dishes; sweet potatoes; squash; green vegetables; tomatoes; glazes; winter squash soups and purees; mulled drinks.


SUGGESTIONS:


GROUND:

1/8 to ¼ teaspoons to 4 cups rhubarb

¾ teaspoon to 6 pound pork roast

¼ teaspoon in mincemeat or fruit pies

½ to 1 teaspoon in recipe yielding 12 to 14 pounds fruit cake


WHOLE:

4 to 12 when cooking 1 cup rice

1/ to 2 for each cup hot or iced tea or mulled wine

6 to 8 in marinade for 4 pounds meat




GINGER


The Whole GINGER is used in pickling; syrups; beverages; marinades; stewed fruit; teriyaki sauce; preserves; teas and ginger beer.


GROUND GINGER is used in pumpkin pie;cakes; gingerbread; bread; ginger toast; cookies; fruits: steamed baked or stewed fruits; fruit pies and salads; salad dressings; puddings; custards; whipped cream; pickles; chutney; conserves; curries; iced cream; appetizers; rice; soups; chicken and other poultry;Oriental dishes; lamb; pork; beef; veal; venison; fish; nearly all vegetables; sweet potatoes; carrots;and punch

 

Works well with other spices.


SUGGESTIONS:

¼ to 2 teaspoons for 1 ½ pounds pork

¼ teaspoons to 2 cups sliced carrots

¼ teaspoon to 3 cups mixed fruit

¼ to 1 teaspoon to 2 cups sweet potatoes

¼ teaspoons to bread puddings and rice

1/8 to ¼ teaspoons to 2 egg whites for meringues







MACE sauces for vegetables; puddings; cakes; muffins; sweet breads; and fruity desserts. Mace is the outer covering of the nutmeg seed.

Mace and Nutmeg are the only two spices found naturally on the same plant.


Mace has a variety of uses and can be substituted for Nutmeg in recipes.


Use Mace in preparing pound cake spice cake; devil's food cake; gingerbread; doughnuts; coffee cakes; danish pastries; frosting;chiffon custard or refrigerator pies; breads; puddings; custards; fruit; apple dishes; waffles; pancakes; muffins;cream cheese spreads for fruit and nut breads; candy; vegetable; fruit salads; fruit salad dressings; glazes; soups; pork; beef ;lamb; chicken fish sauces; hot chocolate; punches


SUGGESTIONS:

¼ teaspoon in stewing 2 cups dried apricots

1 teaspoon in 2 cups waffle mix or recipe using 2 cups flour

1/8 teaspoon in 4 cups creamed chicken or tuna

1/8 teaspoon in 2 cups white sauce

1/8 to ¼ teaspoon in a pound cake recipe or mix






NUTMEG


Ground Nutmeg or the freshly grated whole Nutmeg may be sprinkled over hot and cold milk drinks; eggnog; fruits; fruit salads ; puddings; vegetable and broccoli soups; and used to season meats; poultry; sea food; vegetables and sauces.


Also use in cakes; cookies; doughnuts; pies; pastries; sweet breads; muffins; waffles; pancakes and coffee cake; rice dishes and poultry marinades.


SUGGESTIONS:

½ to 1 teaspoon for two crust pastry

¼ teaspoon in 2 cups spinach; mixed veggies; sliced carrots

1/8 to ¾ teaspoon in vanilla pudding mix or recipe using 2 cups milk

¼ teaspoon in about 2 cups batter for muffins; coffee cakes and waffles.

½ teas in chocolate frosting for 2 cake layers

1/8 to ¼ teaspoon in 1 cup heavy cream; whipped or 1 cup powdered sugar for a glaze

1/8 teaspoon in 4 cups creamed chicken or tuna

1/8 teaspoon for 1 pound beef


one whole Nutmeg; grated; equals 2 to 3 teaspoons ground Nutmeg.






STAR ANISE Chinese dishes; teas; and baked goods; an ingredient in Chinese five spice powder.

star anise and aniseed (or anise) are not related botanically.

Star anise plays a key role in the slow cooked dishes that characterize Eastern Chinese cuisine. Its licorice flavor enhances red cooked dishes; as well as eggs simmered in black tea.



One of the fundamental components of Chinese five-spice powder; star anise is popular in Chinese "red cooking"; where meat (often beef or pork) is turned a deep red-brown color by being braised in a dark soy sauce flavored broth. It's equally delicious in roasted duck or risotto; peach crumble or pea soup; iced tea or ice cream; cookies or chai.

 

Star anise is used in the East as aniseed is in the West. Apart from its use in sweetmeats and confectionery; where sweeteners must be added, it contributes to meat and poultry dishes, combining especially well with pork and duck. In Chinese red cooking, where the ingredients are simmered for a lengthy period in dark soy sauce; star anise is nearly always added to beef and chicken dishes. Chinese stocks and soups very often contain the spice. It flavors marbled eggs; a decorative Chinese hors d’oeuvre or snack. Mandarins with jaded palates chew the whole dried fruit habitually as a post-prandial digestant and breath sweetener - an oriental comfit. In the West; star anise is added in fruit compotes and jams; and in the manufacture of anise-flavored liqueurs; the best known being anisette.


Outside of China; star anise is featured in several of Vietnam's signature dishes; such as Pho Bo soup. It is also the secret ingredient in many Indian stews and curries. Star anise can replace regular anise in western recipes.



Most often; star anise is added to a recipe whole; to be steeped in liquids and then removed before the conclusion of the recipe






WHATS' THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANISE SEED AND STAR ANISE??

Star anise comes from the star-shaped flower of a small evergreen tree. Star anise has the scientific name Illicium verum and is an evergreen tree native to China. The tree can grow up to 40 feet tall with clusters of leathery leaves and bell-shaped pink-to-red or greenish-yellow flowers. The fruit that follows is made up of eight woody pods joined in a star shape. Each pod has one licorice-flavored seed.



It is used in Chinese and Indian cooking; as an ingredient in 5-spice powder and garam masala.

Star anise tea has been used to treat rheumatism.



Anise seed comes from the flowering anise plant. The seeds are sweet and licorice-like in flavor; resembling fennel seeds.

Anise; scientific name Pimpinella anisum L. is a annual herb native to the Mediterranean and Egypt and can be grown in the United States as a non-invasive alternative to fennel. The plant grows 2 feet tall and produces parsley-like lower leaves and lacy upper leaves and umbrella-like white flowers. The 1/6-inch oval seeds are slightly curved and produced in individual pods.



Anise is said to have a better flavor than Star Anise; and the seeds are pressed into oil and used as flavoring in licorice and other food, as the seeds are not attractive in food products. The chopped leaves may also be used as flavoring.


anise is used in perfumes and soaps and to create the liquor anisett



TURMERIC a major ingredient in Curry Powder and prepared mustard. Turmeric is used in egg dishes; rice dishes; breads;soups; noodles and in preparing chicken and fish; pickles; chow-chow; cream sauces; salad dressings; relish; and mayonnaise.


SUGGESTIONS:

1/8 teaspoon in 6 stuffed or scrambled eggs

¼ teaspoon for 1 cup uncooked rice

¼ teaspoon in 2 cups white or cheese sauce

1/8 to ¼ teaspoon in ½ cup butter for basting chicken and seafood when broiling or baking

¼ to ½ teaspoon in 1 cup mayonnaise or sour cream for dressing or dunk for shrimp; lobster and other sea food.



VANILLA BEAN use Vanilla to flavor most sweet foods such as eggnog; milk shakes; hot chocolate; cakes; cookies; candies; glazes; frosting; whipped cream; pies; coffee;tortes; meringue shells; cheesecakes; dessert souffles; sweet breads; muffins; fruit desserts and stewed fruits;fruit compotes; poached pears and rice pudding and Ice cream.


SUGGESTIONS:

¼ to ½ teaspoons in 1 cup heavy cream, whipped

1 teaspoons in 2 cups custard sauce

1 to 1 ½ teaspoons in frosting for 2 cake layers

2 to 3 teaspoons in cookie recipe making about 5 dozen

2 teaspoons in about 4 cups custard for making ice cream





 
 
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