Uwharrie Farm

  (Asheboro, North Carolina)
Sharing tips and how-to information on growing and preparing delicious and nutritious food.

Posts tagged [garden]

Visit the fall garden and greenhouse

Broccoli    Sweet Potatoes    Savoy Cabbage, Collards, Broccoli

I have begun harvesting broccoli and finished digging all the sweet potatoes.  Mice nibbled on a few of them but left plenty for us.  They will keep all winter in a cool area in our house (55 - 60 degrees).  Never store sweet potatoes in the refrigerator as temperatures below 50 degrees can cause cold injury and rotting.  Savoy cabbage and collards are still growing very well.  The rest of the peppers and neck pumpkins need to be gathered soon.


Greenhouse Tomatoes  Pest Control,Yellow Sticky Card  

The greenhouse tomatoes are pollinating very well without my help even though we have had a lot of cloudy days.  No serious pest problems so far.  The yellow sticky cards have caught a variety of insects.  I've seen a few white flies and a few aphids.  We expect ripe tomatoes in the first or second week of November.

After quite a bit of searching I finally found some Chandler Strawberry plants.  They should arrive the middle of next week.  A little later than I usually plant but it should be all right.  Remember its time to clean up the garden, take soil test (see your local extension office), apply lime if needed and plant cover crops.


The Fall Garden

Fall vegebable garden    Chinese Cabbage    Kimchi

     Fall is a great time to get those fresh green vegetables that we are told are so good for us.  They are said to provide an abundance of nutrition and even prevent some diseases.  It seems easy for us to neglect the green foods to our own detriment.   My fall garden consists of Chinese Cabbage, three varieties of collards, broccoli and Savoy Cabbage. The soil for the fall garden was mulched with hay.  I fertilized with liquid fish, bone meal, sulfate of potash, epsom salts and borax.  Pests have included a few worms, harlequin bugs, grasshoppers and crickets.  Until recently I have hand picked worms and harlequin bugs.  The plants are getting so large it is more difficult to find the worms so yesterday I sprayed with Bacillus Thurningiensis, brand name Dipel, to control the worms.  

     Chinese Cabbage was the first vegetable ready for harvest.  It is tender crisp with a texture I compare to a cross between lettuce and cabbage.  Each fall I like to use the Chinese Cabbage to make a few quarts of Kimchi, Korean Sauerkraut,  which keeps for weeks in the refrigerator.  Being preserved by lacto-fermentation, it provides good bacteria needed in our intestinal tracts to aid good health.   In her book, Nourishing Traditions, Sally Fallon explains the health benefits of lacto-fermentation and provides many easy to follow recipes, including the one I use for Kimchi.  

     Broccoli is almost ready for harvest.  After the main heads are cut, smaller shoots will grow to extend the harvest.  Because frost adds a sweeter flavor to collards, I will wait until after frost to harvest them.  Cabbage and collard harvest should last at least through January.


The Home Garden, September, 2009 plus Greenhouse Tomatoes

Home Garden Sept. harvest         The summer home garden is winding down and the fall garden is growing well.  In the past week, from our home garden, I have gathered corn, green beans, lima beans, sweet potatoes, tomatoes and peppers.  The October beans will be ready to pick soon followed by pumpkins, collards, cabbage and broccoli.  The collards are sweeter after they have had some frost. I have picked a few worms off the fall plants and the greenhouse tomato plants.  If the numbers increase I will spray the plants with Bacillus Thurningiensis (Bt., brand name Dipel).  The last plantings of tomatoes and corn had a lot of disease and pest problems that are a normal part of late summer, but still produced enough to be worth while.  Over all the garden produced beautifully this year except for the eggplant which finally succumbed to the flea beetles.

     Now it is time to do the ground work for a successful garden next year.  Clean up the garden, plant the cover crops, add the fall leaves and lime if needed (this can be determined by a soil test, see your local extension office).  


     The greenhouse tomato plants that where planted in August are beginning to bloom and should produce ripe tomatoes from November through January.  In the photo on the right the tomatoes are being hand pollinated.  In the outdoor garden tomatoes are pollinated by wind, bees and insects.  To insure better pollination in the greenhouse we hand pollinate or release bumble bees in the greenhouse.  The humid days and damp nights of August and September create an ideal environment for powdery mildew to grow on greenhouse tomato plants, however this year it has not yet become a problem. 

     I have also placed a few cucumber plants in the greenhouse which should provide us with cukes into December, thought I would make more Bread and Butter Pickles.  Though not everyone wants to grow a large crop of greenhouse tomatoes, a small greenhouse makes a great addition to the home garden.  It increases the length of the harvest and enables you to grow your own vegetable plants.

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