Interesting post as I just learned something about this. We have yellow jackets in the ground and I really do not like stepping on these things as they are MEAN. But, my neighbor told me the following and it seems to have worked: put some jelly or honey near at the entry to the hive (on the ground). The ants will find it. Then, the ants will smell the honey within the hive and move in to take it. The bees will vacate. I'm not sure if they move the larvae or not but they move to a new location as it is not a safe spot to incubate their larvae with all of the ants moving around. We haven't eliminated the yellow jackets but they are about 1/10 the # as before (4 days ago). I'm going to do another application and see if they move out completely.
My neighbor said she's had luck with bees but wasps are a bit more tenacious.
Another interesting note: I had a grad student out to study cabbage moths. She was catching the females for study and said we have relatively few compared to other farms and thought that possibly it is because we have the wasps "which pick off the butterflies".