Onions

onions

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While North American wild onions were used pre-European contact by Native Americans for everything from poultices to dyes, the Pilgrims brought our familiar Eurasian bulb onion with them on the Mayflower. Pere Marquette, a French Jesuit missionary, was saved by starvation by eating wild onions, and the point on the southern shore of Lake Michigan where he saw wild onions running rampant probably took its name - Chicago - from the Indian word 'checago', referring to the pungent smell of the plants.

Onions contain compounds called alliums, good for everything from lowering blood pressure and "bad" cholesterol to raising the levels of "good" cholesterol.

The cipolline variety of onion, originally from Italy, is small and slightly sweet; pearl onions are not baby onions as they appear, but mature onions cultivated close together, the dense-pack bulbs stunting each other's growth. Walla Walla onions are named after the valley in Southeastern Washington state where they are prominently grown: they are sweet and available throughout the summer. Spanish onions, whether red or yellow, are also mild in flavor. While the globe onion originally came from England, it has evolved into a completely American variety.

A trick to raising organic onions while avoiding onion maggots is to apply a strong tea of burdock leaves around the base of the plants.