Pawpaw Seed (Custard Apple)

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Pawpaw Seed (Custard Apple)

Produces Pawpaw fruits as early as the 3rd year from seed. Fruits eaten fresh, or frozen and thawed. Easy and trouble-free.

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(Asimina triloba)

The Pawpaw is native to the lowland forests of the eastern and central U.S. When cultivated and given open space, it makes a beautiful ornamental that produces an abundance of fruit in late September. Pawpaws are highly resistant to disease, insects, and the foliage is safe from the depredations of deer and other grazing animals. (Animals love to eat the fallen fruit.) Cultivated trees grow 10 to 15 feet tall, though older trees in southern states may reach 30 feet with a trunk one foot in diameter. Somewhat tropical looking in appearance, the leaves resemble those of Magnolia. In the fall, the leaves turn butter yellow. The bark is fibrous and can be woven into cloth, as was the practice of Native Americans in Louisiana.

Fruits of the Pawpaw range from 3 to 5" long, ripening from pale green to dark maroon brown. The flesh of the fruit is yellow or orange with a texture and flavor reminiscent of banana custard. The surplus can be frozen for consumption later in the year.


Other Names:Wild banana, custard apple
Flowers:Broad, open maroon flowers about 1
Foliage:Ovate leaves, 6 to 12
Fruit:Fruit 3 to 5
Lifecycle:2    (0: N/A, 1: annual, 2: perennial, 3: biennial)
Height:10 to 30 feet
Diameter:Space 15 to 20 feet apart.
Container Planting:no

Cultural Requirements:

USDA Zones:4 to 9
Propagation / Germination:Stratify seeds (cold-moist treatment) for 3 months to overcome seed dormancy. Seedlings emerge 60 to 90 days after germination in the spring. For best results sow seeds in large, 10 or 12" pots in late fall through early winter and transplant at the end of the first growing season.
Spacing:15 to 20 feet apart
Sun:Full sun or light shade
Water:Found naturally along riverbanks, but grows fine in meadows and yards.
Pests and Diseases:None noted. Unlike many other fruit trees, pawpaws are remarkably free of disease.

Garden Medicinals offers over 220 varieties of medicinal and culinary herb seeds, roots, and select heirloom vegetable and ethnic flower seed. All seeds are non-gmo, open-pollinated and untreated. Most seeds are naturally grown and a few are certified organic. Our vegetable seeds do especially well in hot, humid climates where vegetable production can be difficult. Our herb selection also includes dormant root stock of ginger, ginseng, goldenseal, black cohosh, false unicorn, and wild yam.

Note: Medicinal uses of herbs mentioned in our store are not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Please see a qualified medical practitioner for diagnosis if you have a health problem.

Garden Medicinals and Culinaries: Preservation through Propagation