Miolea Organic Farm

  (Adamstown, Maryland)
Organic Farming from a City Boy's Perspective

Are we done planting yet?

We started a spring garden this year, growing lettuces, kale, and collards and, of course, the strawberries.  We've been planting ever since.  If it is not actual plants then it’s seeds, but we've planted every weekend since late March.


We planted the rest of the cucumbers this past weekend.  At least I think we are done planting. I'd have to check with the boss to really see, but I see no plants and I'm not looking for seeds.  Why tempt fate and I'm certainly not going to ask, as a matter of fact I'm not going to let my wife edit this particular blog.  What she doesn't know I can't plant.  So now comes weeding, watering and watching, the three w's of organic growing and producing.  Weeding is broken into the three H's, hoeing hands, heat and spraying.  Okay spraying doesn't fit but we do control weeds by spraying concentrated vinegar, lemon juice, clove oil and lecithin.  The spray has a pleasant fragrance that I like but is not for everyone.  You can only use the spray if it is really hot out and it is not going to rain for awhile nor should it have rained for awhile, which doesn't make it the most ideal weed control but we use it when we can.

My most favorite way to weed is heat.  The heat is easier than the other methods but it does have its draw backs, I may have gotten a reputation for starting fires but it is not on purpose and I am very careful despite what my wife says.  I did set an old abandoned concrete silo on fire once by mistake and you never hear the end of it.  Please let me explain before you judge me.

The silo was made of concrete block and had no roof and was loaded with old wood from the previous owners.  My weeding tool is a propane tank with a hose and torch attached.  You turn it on, rub the flint for a spark and you have about 25,000 BTU to kill weeds.  I had been using the torch for over a year before the day the silo caught fire and I was pretty successful not burning things down except for weeds and maybe carrots.  I knew the silo was loaded with wood and in essence was a tinder box, so I was careful whenever I was around it with the flame. 

It was late in a long day of work and I wanted to get the weeding done; I  started around the silo then went around the barn and to the grape vines.  From the grape vines I went to the production garden and started doing the perimeter.  Out of the corner of my eye I see my wife running towards the silo.  I knew immediately why she was running; I turned to see flames licking out of the top of the silo.  When I got closer I could hear popping sounds and then clinks on the tin roof of the barn.  The pargeing from inside the silo was heating up and exploding out hitting the roof.  I took everything off and went to the barn to get the water pump.  I pulled the pump ou,t hooked up the hoses to the water tank and pulled to start the pump engine.  Of course, it doesn't start.  After three pulls it coughs to life and water starts to come out at the other end.  Once the water was flowing I was able to cool the fire down and eventually put the fire out.  It took about five hundred gallons of rain water to accomplish that feat but we did get it out.  


My wife was standing there eyes wide open, heart pounding and shell shocked.  What could I say, I had a torch, the silo caught fire and I was in the area, there was no wiggle room, none.  I think we were both in shock at the time so we put the pump and hoses back, I stowed the pump and we called it a day.  I look back and see how lucky we were, how things fell into place, the pump worked and we actually had water in the collection tank, Any one of those things not happening and we might have lost the barn.  So I still weed with heat but my wife prefers the hoe and hand method best.  I can laugh about it, but my wife is to the point were she can grin and shake her head but not quite laugh.  On second thought maybe I should stick to just planting. 


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Are there any jobs we're not responsible for?

On a farm large or small you have to be a jack of all trades, it's not like you can call someone in to fix something when it breaks, especially if you can't afford to or have already blown your maintenance budget.  So you are left to your own devices and the help from others.

One of the jobs that lacks on our farm is marketing/advertising specialist.  We haven't figured out who that is and what all the duties are of the position - add to that sales.  Not only do you have to learn about growing vegetables, viruses, bacteria, integrated pest management, management intensive gracing techniques, nutrient management, animal husbandry (which includes first level veterinarian care), soil and water conservation, meteorology, tractor and implement maintenance, carpentry, electrical, plumbing - ahh the list is just to long to complete.  Suffice it to say farmers have always been jacks of all trades and I can't do half that stuff.

But today's vegetable farmer has it much harder than our predecessors when it comes to sales and marketing, by the mere fact that there were fewer choices for the consumer back then.  Today, the list of food retailers and purveyors are as long as the list of responsibilities a farmer has and they are backed by slick marketing campaigns, sales forces and multi-media influence.  What we have at our disposal is freshness, taste, integrity and the internet.  Our forefathers might have had ready markets but we have access to the world.  It doesn't do us any good because we don't ship our food and we don't drive our food more than ten miles from our farm, but it does give us a chance to potentially reach more people and explain who we are and what we have for sale.  

Because we are so small and in order to save us money ,we do not harvest vegetables until they are ordered.  This cuts down on waste(if we cut 20 heads of broccoli and only sell 10, we lose or must stop working to blanch and freeze the balance).  It also shows the customer that they are getting the freshest vegetables possible.  Same with our eggs.  They are usually less than seven days old because of demand; I can tell some people the only way to get fresher eggs is to catch them as they come out.

We are proud of what we've accomplished so far and we look forward to each new season knowing that we are doing something that very few people choose to do and it does have a positive impact on the environment and on people’s health.  It's humbling when someone tells you how good a vegetable tastes or how good the eggs and bread taste.  When they keep coming back year after year you find out what all the hard work and sacrifice went towards.  We are just about to begin feeding a second generation of customers; one of our regulars has had a baby.  It makes us beam to know some of the first local vegetables this child will eat will be from our gardens and that is way cooler than anything we ever thought would come from our endeavor. 

We are helping support our community with a chemical free, environmentally sensitive and semi-sustainable agricultural enterprise.  Fresh vegetables and fruits that don’t make you sick but in fact give you more vitamins and nutrients with a much smaller carbon foot print.   Are there any jobs we are not responsible for?  Nope, and there are plenty of reasons for that!

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The tip of the iceberg

We are asked all the time to explain the difference between organic and non-organic.  It’s hard to sum up such that the person you are talking to doesn't regret asking the question. 

It is such a basic question yet the answer can go from the scientific to the metaphysical and everything in between.  Sometimes I will give a one word answer, TASTE, then there are the studies that point to the twenty-five percent increase in vitamins and minerals when compared to there counterparts in the conventional field (see University of California-Davis study). But, you will find counter arguments to those studies, then there are the cost comparisons, why is organic so much more expensive and is it worth it?   As I was writing this blog CNN Health came out with what I thought was a good article at   http://www.cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/06/16/best.organic.produce/index.html

Not everything was right in the article, especially about the start of Organics.  The father of modern day organic techniques comes from a man named J.I. Rodale and the Rodale Institute that was founded in Kutztown Pennsylvania in 1947.   The studies done at the Rodale Institute are the longest recorded studies on the subject,  "Our Farming Systems Trial®, the longest-running U.S. study comparing organic and conventional farming techniques, is the basis for our practical training to thousands of farmers in Africa, Asia and the Americas." Copy Right Rodale Institute.

Most people look at organic as the end result but it is just one variable in the whole sustainability model when talking about growing.  At Miolea we've been saying we are beyond organics for awhile, because organics speaks to how vegetables, poultry and meats are grown and handled.  It does not address all aspects of sustainability on a farm.  When we first started growing professionally I looked at sustainability as making enough money to be able to live and produce in the next year.  Until you start to make money you can not support the operation unless you have capital or some sort of financial backing, which is why 90+ percent of all small farms have income from off farm activities, i.e. another job.  This is from the 2002 USDA census.  However large or small money is the other part that cannot be ignored is environmental which are air, water, soil quality and treatment of animals.  The whole sustainability model as professed and proven by Joel Salatin of "Polyface Farm." in Swoop, Virginia looks at the farm as a whole with intricate parts woven together in a concert mimicking what Mother Nature does on her own.  

Because of farm practices that emphasize environmental consciousness, soil and nutrient replenishments, water resource conservation and protection of scarce resources the sustainable model re-enforces what is right and wrong with today's farming practices.  In Michael Pollan's book "The Omnivores Dilemma," Joel Salatin points out the difference between a farm that does one thing only, like growing corn or just beef and that of a farm that uses the sustainable model.  Paraphrasing Joel he said look at a corn field and look at a field that has been left alone to Mother Nature.  What do you see in a conventional corn field?  You will find one species of plant life, the corn and maybe an insect if it was away when the insecticide was sprayed.  Looking at the other field you see Mother Nature’s diversity, you will see thousands of insects and plant varieties in that field and that is what the sustainable model is designed to accomplish.  How do these plants in the field get nutrition from year to year as opposed to the corn field that gets sprayed with fertilizer and insecticides?

Simplistically stated, plants, trees, insects and animals get nutrients through a complex dance of decay, replacement and rejuvenation.   Much like rotating and resting fields planted with green manure and nitrogen rich grasses and legumes, then letting your animals graze on those grasses to keep it down.  You don't let the animals eat the grasses until the grass can't replenish itself, you let them eat enough to maintain the stability of the grasses in the field and then you move them on.  Management intensive grazing is a sustainable practice that uses the grass but not enough to abuse the grass.  An example would be to bring cows onto land, let them eat some and move them off to the next section of field.  Next you would move chickens in the grass that the cows have left behind.  Cows like higher grass heights while chickens like grass to be between two and three inches.  When all is said and done what is left behind is incorporated into the composition of the field replenishing nutrients and minerals naturally, you get to see the complete cycle of life in this field.  Grass is eaten, the cow gets nutrients and gains weight, it leaves behind manure, enough to attract bugs, that lay eggs and then the chickens get a crack at the grass and bugs which helps them they lay eggs high in Omega-3's.  The chickens through pecking and scratching have aerated the soil leaving enough manure behind to feed the flora and fauna.  This dance takes place such that a cow and chicken are never on a previous field until that field has fully become reestablished (usually in 8-12 months).  Our production gardens get rested and fertilized this way.  Although we don't have cows we keep moving the chickens from space to space in order to evenly fertilize the whole garden. 

What is organic? In my own mind it is the tip of the iceberg.




How'd we miss it when it was half its size?

It’s been strawberry season and we've been trying to pick as much as we can when they are dry.  We've had a bad season this year as was mentioned before, but none the less we forge ahead and try to make the best of the situation.  Everybody was picking while I had the torch and was weeding.  At one point I stopped to check and see how it was going, when I approached the strawberry beds I noticed some nice looking strawberries.

I asked if anyone had done the row I was standing in and got a reply I didn't really like.  It was affirmative, I was informed that the row was done and on both sides.  Now I know I am somewhat of a perfectionist and we've already had the problem of leaving fruit on the ground and sap beetles so I launched into how you need to be careful and you need to look at all the angles and that strawberries are very adept at hiding themselves.  I look at correcting mistakes as an opportunity to learn and to teach if there is a point to make.  I try to make them understand the importance yet let them know that no one is perfect.  

Like the time we were growing Italian eggplants.  We had about one hundred feet of eggplants that we were growing the summer of 2007.  The weather was good most of the summer and we had little watering to do.  As the eggplants grew we would harvest and sell them or make something from them, babaganoush, fried eggplant pancakes, grilled or whatever other way suited our fancy for the night.  The summer progressed and the eggplants kept coming.  I find string beans, strawberries and some other fruit hard to harvest or easy to miss, but knowing this is one thing, taking the time to uncover them all is another.  Eggplants however are not that hard to harvest.  Eventually the size will stick out enough to catch someones attention.

Which leads us to the volleyball sized eggplant that we eventually discovered.  This thing was huge, it was at least a foot tall and had a beautiful purple cover.  I actually took it on tour showing anyone that would look; it was prominently displayed on our vegetable cart on the weekends (image below).  We had watermelon that was smaller than this thing.  We just had to laugh at how huge it was, one of my first thoughts after cutting the beast from its plant was, "How did we miss this when it was half its size,' You would of thought someone would see it when it grew to the size of grapefruit, or when it got bigger and was the size of cantaloupe, or when it grew even more into the size of a small pumpkin.  When it comes to harvesting you don't make money if you don't pick it and put it on the cart, we also learned you don't make money when you miss it and it grows bigger than your head and nobody in their right mind would buy it.  That eggplant certainly was the conversation piece and had our customers asking if it was really organic.  One of the few proud moments we had from this thing was admiting that it was indeed one hundred percent certified organic.

So your wondering, what happened to it?  Did we open it and look inside, did we cook it and taste it or did we get it stuffed and mounted?  Well truth is I put it on top of the compost pile and watched it fade away as winter took hold.



My Neighbors Must Think I"m Angry

We are a humane farm, which means we treat our animals with kindness and care and that extends to their own community.  We think there should be peace and harmony in the flocks.  They all grew up together; they are in the same pasture together and roost in the same houses together.  We have them living in plenty of space, more than four square feet per bird when housed and more than double that when out doors.  We do keep them in moveable fencing to keep predators out and them safe.  They have plenty of access to food and water and we provide shade during the hottest parts of the season.

 Everything we've read points to management if there is an issue, like excessive pecking can be caused by competition, due to not enough access to food, water or space; soft egg shells indicates there is a calcium deficiency in the food source, like we are not getting the feed mix right; and too cold or too hot and egg production drops and so on.  Fortunately, the problems we do create we find quickly and fix, but what we read was right.  Most problems we've had with them could be traced back to our management or lack of attention.  You look for consistency in all facets of their existence.  If anything is inconsistent it usually is the start of a problem.

Every so often, one chicken will start pecking on another, it is their nature.  There is a pecking order but we discourage this behavior from the time they are chicks; we do not de-beak because that's cruel and it works against the chicken and the goals of raising the chicks.  A de-beaked bird will spend more energy eating and wasting food than a bird with a full beak, and that energy could be going toward laying eggs or gaining weight.  We don't clip their wings either; we let them fly as much as they can.  Once they get to a certain weight their wings can't sustain them in flight but they try to fly just the same and it’s a fun thing to watch when they all get going.

How we deal with pecking and rough housing is to yell.  This startles all of them but it’s directed at the antagonist which usually gets her attention and given the attention span of a chicken it is long enough for the tormented one to get away.  Seldom is there a prolonged problem.  I yell" HEY," usually followed by "WHAT ARE YOU DOING?" with a loud voice, deep timber and tone.  They hear the volume and tone and that gets their attention.  They stop briefly enough and look and forget what they were doing and go on to something else. 

When the latest flock was put on pasture we put up a fence to keep them in and safe.  At one point I was working near the flock on the outside of the fence, and I turned around to see that a chiken had come through the fence and was pecking at the grass.  I yelled, the bird looked up did a u-turn and went right back in through the fence.  That’s what I wanted it to do but never in my wildest thought did I expect it.  But it did.   

My neighbors on the other hand just hear me yelling, not knowing what I'm yelling at or why but they too hear the volume and tone.  It doesn't help that we are in a valley and there is an echo.  I can't help but think they must be thinking "organic farming must make you an angry person."

























All in a Days Work

 In order to raise organic chickens and eggs you need to take possession of the chick by the time they are one day old.  They can be inoculated on day one but no anti-biotic after that, if they do get sick you must give them what is needed to keep them alive.  The dilemma is if the bird does truly need an anti-biotic it should get it or be culled (another one of those jargon words).  If you chose the former the Organic rules would prohibit you from then marketing the meat or eggs as organic.  If there seems to be a paradox it’s not really.   

We are a humane farm, no cages, plenty of space per bird, they feed on organic grasses, legumes and get fed organic feed, along with organic scraps we pull out of the garden, like strawberries, kale, collards, tomatoes just about everything we pull out of the garden they get some, especially the bug infested fruit. 

At first baby chicks are susceptible to Coccidiosis which they eventually develop immunity for but until that happens you are left with one choice (if you are organic) and that is to keep their bedding, food and water free of fecal matter.  Up to three weeks old they are prone to get it and if that happens you either cull it or treat it.  So far we have raised three groups of day olds and we have been lucky enough not to have to make that choice.  Being a humane farm our answer is going to be treat it and keep it in a non-certified group, we already have what I call tenants, layers that are not laying but are just living with the group.  Traditional practices would be to cull the non-layers but we haven't done that.  Actually of all the layers we've raised all but one lay.  Industry wide the percentage is seventy-five to eighty percent.  We'll have to see what the rate will be with the 25 new Rhode Island Reds.

It is not easy protecting baby chicks from themselves.  You think you got the water clean and setup so they can't perch and drop leavings, but they must be acrobats, it defies logic how they dirty their water and food and with such gusto.  Grant it, all they have to do is run around, grow out of their fur and sprout wings.  The first week all they do is eat and sleep under the light moving very little; cleaning up isn't too hard.  Then they start to get energy and eat like teenagers and the fur is starting to fly and they are finding more and more ways to go to the bathroom from higher and higher heights.  I swear they've had competions with judges and score cards voting on who can go to the bathroom from on top of the water can. Because this was the biggest flock that we have had, we built what amounted to a big cardboard box in the garage.  It was too big so we divided it in thirds and opened more up as they grew.  The water and feed were hung from two by fours spanning the width of the box, low enough for them to get to and high enough so they couldn't perch.  At least that was the plan.  The sides of the box were only a foot and a half high a design that would allow us to easily bend down and scoop out liter and the foul food.  The chicks eventually learned to use the edges of the sides as a spring board to get to the top of the water bucket. 

Our water bucket has a flat lid, with drip nipples on the bottom that I installed.  The flat lid design is not how store bought waterers are designed, but I created one from a piece of scrap plywood and jig-sawed it to fit.  It covers the bucket, the lip of the bucket is under the rim of the plywood, there is one little tiny hole were the bucket handle meets the plywood.  Suffice it to say, version two of the watering bucket will have some kind of cheese cloth or other organic stopper.   

You go out and check on them four to five times a day, clean their leavings out of the water bucket, food and bedding and you make sure the light is not to hot or they are not too cold and you listen for sounds of happy chicks enjoying the day.  Happy chicks, it wasn't a concept that was on our radar until a graduate student from the University of West Virginia said something.  We are participating in a study on nematodes with UWV and they were at the farm taking soil samples and asking about our organic and agricultural practices.  The student made the comment, "You have some happy chickens," "thank you," I said but hadn't really thought of chickens that way.  But if you look at the picture on our webpage here on Local Harvest you'll see one of the more photogenic ones, it looks like she is smiling.

So you go out and listen, this happens every day until they start to grow feathers and beaks and longer legs and bigger feet, but you still listen no matter how old they get or where they are housed, you listen for and hopefully you hear the sound of happy chickens, but thats all in a days work.





You're going to Harvest That?

Spring is coming to a fast end and the spring crops are starting to show their wear.  Strawberries came in and we started picking, they are big, sweet and very juicy.  From what we've read you can only harvest strawberries after the morning dew has dried.  If it rains that pushes off harvesting even further, unfortunately strawberries don't know to stop ripening.  Rain or shine if it is warm enough a strawberry is going to ripen.  


We've love strawberries and have grown them every year since we moved in.  Strawberries are one of those two year plants, like asparagus or grapes, meaning you put all this labor upfront but you don't get anything until the second or third year.  For grapes it is even longer and if you have as steep of a learning curve as we tend to have it might even be extended still.  I think our first bunch of edible grapes came in the sixth year, by that time we had experimented with every organic fungicide and insecticide there was.  We still don't produce a sell-able amount but I do get a few every time I mow the land around them.


It is May 30th, we hadn't picked strawberries for close to six days now and a neighbor came up to buy a couple quarts.  So we left him in the shade and went out to pick them.  What we found in the patch was a lot of black furry berries, huge ripe bug eaten berries and the bed seemed like a total waste.  Once again the learning curve bent around to slap us silly.  We picked the best we could and gave him a good two quarts, it took longer than expected but they were good strawberries and he didn't mind the wait.  After the days work ended we said goodbye to everyone and set about learning what we did wrong with the strawberries and what was that little black bug eating all the huge ripe fruit.  The nerve of the intruder, I mean there were plenty of small ripe berries, but no they'd eat some of the biggest and go onto the next one.  I can see them, setting up little daiquiri bars, inviting their friends and family over then for the heck of it they find a bigger sweeter berries and move to that one.


Well it didn't take long to find out what went wrong and why, first was water, second was air, third was lack of harvesting and fourth was not harvesting everything.  Strawberries like dry beds that are airy and allow rows to dry sooner than later. We had let them grow to close to each other over the years so that had to be fixed and we didn't pick the berries that were infested or blackened by fungus, I mean they are nasty looking and when you pick them they mush in your hand.  The sensation of slime and stickiness the berries had on my hands just gave me the willies.


Everything we read pointed to management of the crop and letting fruit sit on the ground.  When we had a smaller garden we didn't have these problems, the small size allowed for more air which kept things dry and there was less to pick, so everything did get picked.   We found that the strawberry sap beetle was the insect that was doing the greatest damage and the population was growing bigger because of the environment.


As we read we came upon a few sentences that made us cringe, and that was that the sap beetle will move to corn and tomatoes after the strawberry harvest.  Being one who lives for fresh tomatoes and corn I went into panic mode.  I swore as long as I was alive those bugs would not get to my corn and tomatoes.  The deer, rabbits, raccoons and groundhogs may but I was drawing the line at the strawberry sap beetle, it was on and I was ready to put a hurting on the population.


My wife was reading about how to manage the infestation of insects and molds; we were going to have to mow rows through the patch to get air circulating through and pick up every last nasty berry.  Talk about fruitless work, we pulled gallons and gallons of bad berries but on the bright side the chickens got to eat strawberry sap beetles and we started to make inroads and turn the beds around.   No word on the taste of the eggs but we are waiting.











Who in their right mind does this?

After five years of growing on our own we decided that we needed help in order to get done all the tasks that needed to get accomplished (that's alot of words for "we needed help weeding").   So we thought now would be a good time to hire from within the community, which fit with our whole buy local mantra.

We sat down and developed our questionaire,.  My wife had questions she wanted to ask and I had come up with a couple basic ones myself.  Her questions were of the general quality, "what experience do you have?, can you work out in the heat?, have you worked on a farm?, etc".  My questions were simpler, but they struck at the heart of the matter and got down to the base of the job.  First question up was "Why in your right mind would you want this job?"  Second "Can you tell the difference between a weed and a plant?".  And lastly, "how many fingers and toes do you have and do you know how to keep them?'

I came up with the first one because that's the question I get asked most by family, friends and work collegues, it's a simple question but one that has alot of historical baggage attached.  Why do people look at farmers as having to be crazy when they try to grow food?  Is it because the work is so physically demanding, start up costs and failure rates so high, too much uncertainty with weather and governement regulations, too much information to learn, too many things that are out of your control?  Have we been brain washed into believing that only corporations are the ones capable of growing food for the consumer market or that you have to be born into a farming family in order to grow? 

 Farmers should be venerated and respected for their chosen profession, Like firemen or policemen a farm and its farmer is life supporting.  What if we relied on the industrial food complex  and concentrated animal farms for all of our food?  When they say our food source is safe do you believe them?  Should you, when every year food recalls are popping up more frequently than automobile recalls?   Why are we as consumers allowing this to happen?   There is nothing that beats freshness and food safety when it comes to local.  When is the last time you heard of a local butcher recalling products or local vegetables being recalled for e-coli contamination.  I know it can happen and chances are it will but I haven't heard of any yet and I know from our farm practices it is not.  The "buy local" movement is growing I think because of the recalls but also for freshness and taste-the taste of a ripe tomato or fresh ear of corn, or carrots so sweet and crunchy you eat them before you get home.

As I stated before we started growing becuase we followed in our fathers footsteps, except we widen the garden.  Like them it started with a single tomato plant, then pepper plants, then corn, peas, carrots, string beens, kale, lettuce, melons, blue berries, raspberries, apples and service berries and it keeps growing.  But, it started because our fathers planted and tended their own gardens.   Small as they were, the joy was the same, bringing vegetables in for the family.  That simple act had its own intrinsic reward ,the fact that you grew it made all the more significance.  At the time we were too small to realize it, but I think we are starting to get it.  I think we do but I feel that we are still missing something I don't know.

What I do know is that the people that come out to our farm respect what we are doing.   A lot of people know what we are sacrificing in order to grow organic food, baked goods, jams and eggs.  They thank us and tell us how much they love the eggs or how good our strawberries were this year.  They ask genuine questions about the operation and want to learn for their own gardens and for their own children and to get information from a trusted source.  They look at their local farmer as not only a source of fresh fruits and vegetables but as a knowledge resource for their own growing.  I love talking to our customers, I get to learn from them much more than one would think.

As for the people we hired, their answers to my questions made me see from a different perspective; not in that their answers were funny but they took the questions with a slight grin and launched into why farming wasn't that intimidating.  Yes, if we taught them they could tell the difference between weeds and plants and pretty much everyone wanted to keep all their fingers and toes.  They have turned out to be a great, eager and enlighting group to work with, they work hard, ask good questions and have been a wonderfull asset.  We couldn't have asked for better or expected anything as close.  Buy Local!!


Look Honey they have Dressed Rabbits

We started selling vegetables professionally in 2003 at the fair grounds in our County.  In its day the farmers market was a focal point for the community, everything was there as the seasons permitted.  Butchers, bakers, and I bet candle stick makers, as well as, other crafts and household items.  Fast forward a couple hundred years and we arrived to a revitalization effort taking place, the fair ground management wanted to get the market up to the old day standards and we were happy and lucky to be on the ground floor and helping.

We had joined the Maryland Small Farm CO-OP after hearing a presentation of what the CO-OP was about and how it worked.  It was a group of farmers that tried to pull resources, and hold educational seminars that had experts in the field come in and talk about their specialty and actual farmers talked about the good and the not so good of what they do.  We learned that the CO-OP had a stall at the farmers market and they were looking for vegetable growers, They had some one selling Emu oil, hydroponics tomatoes, baked goods and dressed rabbits, but not enough variety of vegetable growers.

We jumped at the chance, you had to be set up by 9:00am and the day ended at 2:00pm on Saturdays.  Because we are so small we tended to harvest in the morning and take it for sale that day.  This meant revelry by 6:30; everything picked and loaded on the truck by 8:15 and on the road to the fair grounds by 8:25 and setup by 9:00a.m.   We did this for three years until late in 2005 growing season when my wife became ill.

For the first three years during the spring and summer we committed our time, efforts and energy towards growing vegetables, customers and our confidence in ourselves.  After hearing farmers speak about farmers markets I believe each and every one could write a book about the experiences attending these events and the people they meet.  I admit I have a ton to learn about growing, professional interaction with full-time farmers, customers and most important JARGON.

It was a hot Saturday in July a couple of years ago; we had just started selling our vegetables on a regular basis.  There were other vendors there as mentioned above.  A young mother comes by and sees the sign for dressed rabbits.  Honestly, I did not know at the time what that really meant, but I heard the mother say to her little curly headed blonde child that they were selling dressed rabbits, "Look honey they have dressed rabbits maybe we can get one in  sailor suit."  I heard the man politely tell the woman that she could buy a live rabbit but that it would not come with clothes.  Without having to ask I now realized that dressed is one of those euphemisms for "prepared" or "processed" or "ready-to-eat".  This made the innocent statement endearing, “Look honey they have dressed rabbits,"



Why Growing Organic is Vital

Have you heard the institutional advertising that a major seed manufacturer is playing over the radio airwaves.  How farming uses so much water and that their hybrid seeds and geneticaly engineered seeds will use less water and yield more food and how this is gowing to help farmers world-wide.  If that is true why is this major seed manufacturer  suing farmers all over the world for patent infrigment. When pollen drift is as natural and enevitable as the sun rise.  Why did Mexico outlaw ALL GM (genetically modified) foods, especially corn?  Then only to discover that strains of GMO corn have made their  way into the corn fields of Mexican farmers from the US.  Technically the big seed company should sue Mexican farmers too.  Go to www.hulu.com and search for the "Future of Food".

It is a documentary on how genetic engineering was accomplished, how seeds are patented and then used as a big stick to force farmers into the herbicide ready club,  We are at a cross roads in our concepts of food, where you see grass root efforts like the slow food, buy local food,and support local farms movements.  We have groups like Ark of Taste which is a movement to bring back heritage breeds from pigs, cows and chickens to tomatoes and everything else that has been genetically modified to fit the needs of the profit motive not that of the taste of the consumer.  From my stand point it is not only the lack of nasty checmicals on the food, or pathogens that cause recall after recall year after year but it is also the simple fact of taste.  Taste, remember when tomatoes tasted like sweet, soft, watery spheres of nutrition.  I've learned that which does not kill you serves to make you stronger.  In an organic plant that is basically the same concept, when a plant is attacked by a predator the plant releases its own sent that attracks bugs that are predators of the bug eating its leaves.  This doesn't work with an infestation but if the plant survives it grows stronger and has a better taste then the a plant that was sprayed with synthetic fertilizers and insecticides.  This opinion is derrived from reading and my own observation not a result from an imperical study. 

I trust my taste buds, I know what is on my plants, I know that the more we allow large corporations to genetically modify food the greater suseptubility we all face for unknow genetic mutation and greater risk of bacterial out breaks caused by a lack of stronger antbiotics.  That is why more than ever supporting local farmers and growing organic is vital.


Heart Break on a Farm Should be Expected

My Mom passed away Wednesday May 27th at 5:00 am, I knew this because at 6:23 the phone rang and it was my sister.  She couldn't get it out but she didn't have to, my mom suffered from breast cancer and it spread to her bones.  She was in terrible pain and in the end it was really a blessing for her, we were selfishly hoping she would be around longer but it truely wasn't fair to her.  She had given us everything she had from life lessons to cooking lessons and she was crazy about spelling and grammar.  I unfortunately let her down on both of those.

She was delt a cruel hand for life but she raised three really good kids and she always had a smile, a laugh and strong shoulder.  She was a great cook and loved to entertain.  But what was endearing was her ability to laugh and look at the bright side of every cloud.  She lives on every time I cook tomatoe sauce, bread, meatloaf, well you get the picture.  Mom is with most of her family now, they are all probably sitting around playing cards and joking and laughing.  She had the ability to forgive like no other, a trait I am still trying to emulate.  We grieve and we miss her terribly but she wouldn't want us to morn, she was a partier and that is what she would have wanted. 

Life continued and on the same day as her death we had a contract to deliver vegetables to a new market.  We started harvesting our lettuces, kales and collards to sell; we found out after delivery that the red leaf lettuce didn't pass expectations so they rejected them.  We got alot of rain and when my mom passed we were unable to pick the fruit as soon as we liked to.  That led to an infestation of strawberry sap beetles and a collapse of our strawberry patch.  The strawberries were one of the few cash cows we had so that just added to this weeks heart ache. 

There are so many things that can go wrong on a farm, from the most horrific to a microscopic bug reaking havoc.  Going into this, we like most everyone else expected it to be hard and trying, but on the farm we are learning that know matter how much we know and try to prevent heart break is something that should be expected.  

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