(Waynesville, North Carolina)
dangerous herbs, medicinal herbs, culinary herbs



I thought that I might like to share with you some herb ideas that go with foods. I keep a paper in my spice and herb drawer to match foods with. Maybe some of you might enjoy a list to look quickly at to see what herbs you can use to go with what foods your preparing:



CHICKEN                  anise,   basil, bay leaf, chives,  cinnamon, cumin, dill, fenugreek, garlic, ginger, marjoram, onion, oregano, parsley, rosemary, saffron, sage,  tarragon, thyme


TURKEY                       basil, garlic, marjoram, onion, oregano, parsley, rosemary, saffron, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme


DUCK                        chervil, ginger, thyme,



BEEF                basil, bay, caraway, cumin, fenugreek, garlic, ginger, marjoram, onion, oregano, parsley,    rosemary, sage, savory, shallot, tarragon,   thyme


HAMBURGER           cayenne pepper, oregano, paprika, thyme


STEAK                        chives, garlic, rosemary, thyme


LAMB                       basil, bay, cinnamon, coriander, cumin, dill, garlic, lemon balm, mint, marjoram,  onion, parsley, rosemary, saffron, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme


HAM                           cinnamon, ginger, sage


PORK                    anise, basil, bay, caraway, cardamom, coriander, cumin, dill, fennel, garlic, ginger, oregano, rosemary, saffron sage,   tarragon, thyme





             Anise, basil, caraway, cayenne pepper, chervil, chives, coriander,  dill, fennel, marjoram, oregano, parsley, rosemary, saffron, sage,  savory, shallot, sorrel, tarragon, thyme


FRITTATAS         black pepper, rosemary, thyme,


OMELETS:       chervil,   oregano,   parsley,



   QUICHES            basil, dill, marjoram,


    SOUFFLES        basil, cayenne, chives





Basil, fennel, lovage, saffron, tarragon, thyme







                   basil, caraway, chervil, chives, cumin seed, dill, lovage, marjoram, mints, parsley, poppy seeds, sage, savory, sesame seed, shallot, tarragon, thyme






                  basil, bay, calendula, caraway, chervil, chives, cumin, dill , fennel, lovage, marjoram, mints, parsley, rosemary, sage, savory, sorrel, tarragon, thyme, lemon thyme





  ASPARAGUS:          chives, lemon balm, parsley, rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme,


 FRESH BEANS:         basil, caraway, cloves, dill, marjoram, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage, savory, thyme


  BROCCOLI :             basil, curry powder, dill, garlic, lemon balm, marjoram, oregano, tarragon,  thyme


CARROTS:             anise, basil, chervil, chives, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, dill, ginger, marjoram, mint, parsley, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme


CAULIFLOWER:     basil, caraway, chives, cumin, curry powder, dill, garlic, marjoram, parsley, rosemary, savory, tarragon


EGGPLANT:             basil, cinnamon,   curry powder,   dill, garlic, marjoram, mint, onion,   oregano, parsley, sage, savory, rosemary, thyme 


MUSHROOMS          black pepper, coriander, marjoram, oregano, rosemary, tarragon, thyme


ONION:                     chives, rosemary, sage, savory


PARSNIPS               basil, dill, marjoram, parsley, savory, thyme


PEAS                           basil, caraway, chervil, chives, mint, rosemary, savory, tarragon, thyme


POTATOES                 basil, caraway, chives, coriander, dill, fennel, garlic, lovage, marjoram, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, tarragon, thyme


SPINACH                   anise, basil, black pepper, caraway seed,  chervil, chives, cinnamon, dill, garlic, parsley , rosemary, thyme  ,


SQUASH           basil, caraway, cardamom, clove, ginger, marjoram, dill, oregano, rosemary, sage, savory



TOMATOES                basil, bay leaf, black pepper, chives, coriander, dill,  garlic, lovage, marjoram, oregano, parsley,  rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme


ZUCCHINI                 basil, dill, tarragon, thyme






MAYONNAISE          basil, curry powder, parsley, tarragon


HOLLANDAISE       cayenne, paprika


COCKTAIL               celery seeds, chives, parsley


CHEESE        cayenne, curry powder, dry mustard, paprika


 BUTTER        basil, chives, oregano, tarragon, thyme


BEARNAISE      chervil, parsley, tarragon


BARBECUE       cayenne, chili powder, cumin, paprika






TROUT               basil, chives, rosemary, sage, tarragon


SHRIMP             cayenne, garlic, parsley, oregano


SHELLFISH      black pepper, chives, garlic, and thyme


SALMON         chervil, dill, parsley


LOBSTER           parsley, tarragon, thyme


CRAB MEAT      chives, marjoram


COD             parsley, tarragon, thyme





DUCK                chervil, cinnamon, coriander    cumin seeds,   dill weed, fennel seeds, ginger,   juniper berries, lemon zest, marjoram, paprika, rosemary, saffron, sage, tarragon, thyme,    turmeric


GOOSE                    aniseed,   bay leaf, caraway seeds, cinnamon, cayenne, coriander, garlic, ginger,  juniper berries, lemon zest,  minced meat, onion, sage,  thyme



PHEASANT         bay leaf, cayenne, cloves, garlic, juniper berries, leeks, lemon grass, onion,     black and white and green peppercorns,       paprika,    rosemary, sage, thyme


GROUSE                mushrooms, nutmeg, shallots, thyme,


PARTRIDGE/ QUAIL:    bay leaf, cardamoms, cinnamon, chili peppers,   cayenne pepper, coriander,  cumin,  garlic, garam masala,  ginger, lemon zest,  mint, nutmeg, onion,  parsley, ground saffron,  sage,   thyme


DEER          allspice ,  cardamom,  ground cumin,  cinnamon, cayenne pepper, cloves, chili powder,  coriander leaves,  dill,    garlic,    ginger,    juniper berries, lemon,  nutmeg, onion,   oregano,   parsley,  rosemary, star anise, thyme,


WILD BOAR           cayenne pepper, coriander leaves, cloves, cinnamon, garlic,      ginger, juniper berries,      lemon, onion,   red chills, rosemary, tarragon, 


RABBIT/HARE          bouquet garni (parsley, bay leaf, celery leaves, marjoram, lemon zest),    cinnamon, cloves, garlic, ginger, juniper berries, nutmeg,   onion,   parsley, rosemary, saffron, tarragon,  thyme 




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This is much appreciated, thank you thanks

Posted by wayne.baker on February 13, 2014 at 05:15 PM EST #

Thank you Elaynn
Great -really lovely
G Henderson

Posted by Gestin Henderson on February 24, 2014 at 12:26 PM EST #

I like to roast fresh vegetables tossed with olive oil and kosher salt. Then I put them in a shallow pan and sprinkle them with chili powder. Roast at 400 for about 20 minutes, stirring halfway thru. Broccoli is so good prepared this way! Radish are, too.

Posted by MamaLene on March 24, 2014 at 03:37 PM EDT #

Thanks for putting this together. This is so so helpful.

Posted by Patrick on May 10, 2014 at 03:29 PM EDT #

Thank you everyone for your fine comments! I'm glad that you are able to use this!


Posted by Elaynn McGuffrey on May 10, 2014 at 03:47 PM EDT #

Thank you so much for this. It is very special that you are from Waynesville, N.C. Our family visited the Piedmont Inn every year before the "modern day developer" ruined the place. When I look at what supplanted Piedmont, I dang near cried and "big men don't cry" LOL
Your list is very complete and it is something I have been looking for a long time. Please keep me posted. Thanks, Bob

Posted by Bob Ryals on May 23, 2014 at 07:10 PM EDT #

Thank you!! I have been wanting the information you have compiled. I like to create (without using a recipe) and needed to know some more flavor combinations.

Posted by nana linda on July 29, 2014 at 10:35 PM EDT #

Thank you, I have been looking for ideas like these for sometime and you are a godsend.
Best regards

Posted by Boobalah on February 23, 2015 at 11:48 AM EST #

Thank you. This is extremely helpful especially when one is trying to limit salt intake. Blessings to you and yours.

Posted by Frances Gollahon on February 24, 2015 at 07:53 PM EST #

I need help. This is truly a spectacular list, and I can't find a spice pairing for one thing...if you don't have it, I'm willing to best you know what spices or herbs would go best with dried chile peppers. It will be for a cooking oil, but I'm not sure what spice or herbs would play best with the heat.

Posted by Amber on April 28, 2015 at 10:21 PM EDT #


Here are some herbs and spices that I would suggest using with CHILI PEPPERS, either FRESH or dried.

Black pepper corns, Kosher salt, lime juice, orange zest, fresh mint, fennel seeds, garlic cloves, cilantro, sage Mexican oregano, onion, shallots, other hot peppers such as cayenne, habanero, Jalapeno, chipotle, New Mexicans. Ground cinnamon, ground cumin, fresh grated ginger (try to get Vietnamese or Hmong), coriander seeds, allspice, For a little something different, I wouldn't mind using horseradish. Use either the stuff in the jar at a good grocery store or if you can find it, get the root and grate it.



Posted by Elaynn McGuffrey on May 07, 2015 at 01:18 PM EDT #

Nuts! Seriously. I'm making a savory bread using pecan flour because I have a person allergic to almonds and I'm out of hazelnut flour. We're all gluten free. With the almond flour I generally add rosemary, Italian seasonings, and Mrs. Dash. I'm not sure about that going with pecans. Ideas? Anyone? Oh, and spicy (hot) is not an option........ TIA

Posted by Karen on November 29, 2015 at 02:11 AM EST #

Thank you very much. I cook from recipes but then wonder what to do with the unused fresh herbs. I've printed your list so I will not have to compost the remains. Very kind of you to do the work.

Posted by Lynn Wells on December 23, 2015 at 11:41 AM EST #

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